The Narrow Path

Come to Me, says Mashiach, and drink of Living Water

The Testaments of the 12 Patriarchs



The First-Born Son of Ya’aqob and Leah.


Re’uben, the first-born son of Ya’aqob and Leah. The man of experience counsels against fornication and points out the ways in. which men are most apt to fall into error.

The Copy of the Testament of Re’uben, even the commands which he gave his sons before he died in the hundred and twenty-fifth year of his life.

2 Two years after the death of Yoseph his brother, when Re’uben fell ill, his sons and his sons' sons were gathered together to visit him.

3 And he said to them: My children, behold I am dying, and go the way of my fathers.

4 And seeing there Yahudah, and Gad, and Asher, his brethren, he said to them: Raise me up that I may tell to my brethren and to my children what things I have hidden in my heart, for behold now at length I am passing away.

5 And he arose and kissed them, and said to them: Hear, my brethren, and do you my children, give ear to Re’uben your father, in the commands which I give to you.

6 And behold I call to witness against you this day the Elohim of heaven, that you walk not in the sins of youth and fornication, wherein I was poured out, and defiled the bed of my father Ya’aqob.

7 And I tell you that he smote me with a sore plague in my loins for seven months; and had not my father Ya’aqob prayed for me to YHWH, YHWH would have destroyed me.

8 For I was thirty years old when I wrought the evil thing before YHWH, and for seven months I was sick to death.

9 And after this I repented with set purpose of my soul for seven years before YHWH.

10 And wine and strong drink I drank not, and flesh entered not into my mouth, and I ate no pleasant food; but I mourned over my sin, for it was great, such as had not been in Yisra’el.

11 And now hear me, my children, what things I saw concerning the seven spirits of deceit, when I repented.

12 Seven spirits therefore are appointed against man, and they are the leaders in the works of youth.

13 And seven other spirits are given to him at his creation; that through them should be done every work of man.

14 The first is the spirit of life, with which the constitution of man is created.

15 The second is the sense of sight, with which rises desire.

16 The third is the sense of hearing, with which comes teaching.

17 The fourth is the sense of smell, with which tastes are given to draw air and breath.

18 The fifth is the power of speech, with which comes knowledge.

19 The sixth is the sense of taste, with which comes the eating of meats and drinks; and by it strength is produced, for in food is the foundation of strength.

20 The seventh is the power of procreation and sexual intercourse, with which through love of pleasure sins enter in.

21 Wherefore it is the last in order of creation, and the first in that of youth, because it is filled with ignorance, and leads the youth as a blind man to a pit and as a beast to a precipice.

22 Besides all these there is an eighth spirit of sleep, with which is brought about the trance of nature and of death.

23 With these spirits are mingled the spirits of error.

24 First, the spirit of fornication is seated in the nature and in the senses;

25 The second, the spirit of insatiableness in the belly;

26 The third, the spirit of fighting, in the liver and gall.

27 The fourth is the spirit of obsequiousness and chicanery, that through officious attention one may be fair in seeming.

28 The fifth is the spirit of pride, that one may be boastful and arrogant.

29 The sixth is the spirit of lying, in perdition and jealousy to practice deceits, and concealments from kindred and friends.

30 The seventh is the spirit of injustice, with which are thefts and acts of rapacity, that a man may fulfil the desire of his heart; for injustice works together with the other spirits by the taking of gifts.

31 And with all these the spirit of sleep is joined which is that of error and fantasy.

32 And so perishes every young man, darkening his mind from the truth, and not understanding the Torah of Elohim, nor obeying the admonitions of his fathers, as befell me also in my youth.

33 And now, my children, love the truth, and it will preserve you: hear you the words of Re’uben your father.

34 Pay no heed to the face of a woman,

35 Nor associate with another man's wife,

36 Nor meddle with affairs of womankind.

37 For had I not seen Bilhah bathing in a covered place, I had not fallen into this great iniquity.

38 For my mind taking in the thought of the woman's nakedness, suffered me not to sleep until I had wrought the abominable thing.

39 For while Ya’aqob our father had gone to Yitshaq his father, when we were in Eder, near to Ephrathah in Beyth Lehem, Bilhah became drunk and was asleep uncovered in her chamber.

40 Having therefore gone in and beheld her nakedness, I wrought the impiety without her perceiving it, and leaving her sleeping departed.

41 And forthwith a messenger of Elohim revealed to my father concerning my impiety, and he came and mourned over me, and touched her no more.


Re’uben continues with his experiences and his good advice.

Pay no heed, therefore, my children, to the beauty of women, nor set your mind--on their affairs; but walk in singleness of heart in the fear of YHWH, and expend labour on good works, and on study and on your flocks, until YHWH gives you a wife, whom He will, that you suffer not as I did.

2 For until my father's death I had not boldness to look in his face, or to speak to any of my brethren, because of the reproach.

3 Even until now my conscience causes me anguish on account of my impiety.

4 And you my father comforted me much, and prayed for me to YHWH, that the anger of YHWH might pass from me, even as YHWH showed.

5 And thenceforth until now I have been on my guard and sinned not.

6 Therefore, my children, I say to you, observe all things whatsoever I command you, and you shall not sin.

7 For a pit to the soul is the sin of fornication, separating it from Elohim, and bringing it near to idols, because it deceives the mind and understanding, and leads down young men into Hades before their time.

8 For many has fornication destroyed; because, though a man be old or noble, or rich or poor, he brings reproach upon himself with the sons of men and derision with Belial.

9 For you heard regarding Yoseph how he guarded himself from a woman, and purged his thoughts from all fornication, and found favour in the sight of Elohim and men.

10 For the Mitsrite woman did many things to him, and summoned magicians, and offered him love potions, but the purpose of his soul admitted no evil desire.

11 Therefore the Elohim of your fathers delivered him from every evil and hidden death.

12 For if fornication overcomes not your mind, neither can Belial overcome you.

13 For evil are women, my children; and since they have no power or strength over man, they use wiles by outward attractions, that they may draw him to themselves.

14 And whom they cannot bewitch by outward attractions, him they overcome by craft.

15 For moreover, concerning them, the messenger of YHWH told me, and taught me, that women are overcome by the spirit of fornication more than men, and in their heart they plot against men; and by means of their adornment they deceive first their minds, and by the glance of the eyes they instill the poison, and then through the accomplished act they take them captive.

16 For a woman cannot force a man openly, but by a harlot's bearing she beguiles him.

17 Flee, therefore, fornication, my children, and command your wives and your daughters, that they adorn not their heads and faces to deceive the mind: because every woman who uses these wiles has been reserved for eternal punishment.

18 For thus they allured the Watchers  who were before the flood; for as these continually beheld them, they lusted after them, and they conceived the act in their mind; for they changed themselves into the shape of men, and appeared to them when they were with their husbands.

19 And the women, lusting in their minds after their forms, gave birth to giants, for the Watchers appeared to them as reaching even to heaven.

20 Beware, therefore, of fornication; and if you wish to be pure in mind, guard your senses from every woman.

21 And command the women likewise not to associate with men, that they also may be pure in mind.

22 For constant meetings, even though the unrighteous deed be not wrought, are to them an irremediable disease, and to us a destruction of Belial and an eternal reproach.

23 For in fornication there is neither understanding nor righteousness, and all jealousy dwells in the lust thereof.

24 Therefore, then I say to you, you will be jealous against the sons of Lewi, and will seek to be exalted over them; but you shall not be able.

25 For Elohim will avenge them, and you shall die by an evil death. For to Lewi Elohim gave the sovereignty and to Yahudah with him and to me also, and to Dan and Yoseph, that we should be for rulers.

26 Therefore I command you to hearken to Lewi, because he shall know the Torah of YHWH, and shall give ordinances for judgment and shall sacrifice for all Yisra’el until the consummation of the times, as the anointed High Priest, of whom YHWH spoke.

27 I adjure you by the Elohim of heaven to do truth each one to his neighbour and to entertain love each one for his brother.

28 And draw you near to Lewi in humbleness, of heart, that you may receive a blessing from his mouth.

29 For he shall bless Yisra’el and Yahudah, because him has YHWH chosen to be soveriegn over all the nation.

30 And bow down before his seed, for on our behalf it will die in wars visible and invisible, and will be among you an eternal soveriegn.

31 And Re’uben died, having given these commands to his sons. And they placed him in a coffin until they carried him up from Mitsrayim, and buried him in Hebron in the cave where his father was.



The Second Son of Ya’aqob and Leah.


Shim’on, the second son of Ya’aqob and Leah. The strong man. He becomes jealous of Yoseph and is an instigator of the plot against Yoseph.

The copy of the words of Shim’on, the things which he spoke to his sons before he died, in the hundred and twentieth year of his life, at which time Yoseph, his brother, died.

2 For when Shim’on was sick, his sons came to visit him. and he strengthened himself and sat up and kissed them, and said:--

3 Hearken, my children, to Shim’on your father and I will declare to you what things I have in my heart.

4 I was born of Ya’aqob as my father's second son; and my mother Leah called me Shim’on, because YHWH had heard her prayer.

5 Moreover, I became exceedingly strong; I shrank from no achievement nor was I afraid of ought. For my heart was hard, and my liver was immovable, and my bowels without compassion.

6 Because valor also has been given from the Most High to men in soul and body.

7 For in the time of my youth I was jealous in many things of Yoseph, because my father loved him beyond all.

8 And I set my mind against him to destroy him because the prince of deceit sent forth the spirit of jealousy and blinded my mind, so that I regarded him not as a brother, nor did I spare even Ya’aqob my father.

9 But his Elohim and the Elohim of his fathers sent forth His messenger, and delivered him out of my hands.

10 For when I went to Shechem to bring ointment for the flocks, and Re’uben to Dothan, where were our necessaries and all our stores, Yahudah my brother sold him to the Yishma’elites.

11 And when Re’uben heard these things he was grieved, for he wished to restore him to his father.

12 But on hearing this I was exceedingly wroth against Yahudah in that he let him go away alive, and for five months I continued wrathful against him.

13 But YHWH restrained me, and withheld from me the power of my hands; for my right hand was half withered for seven days.

14 And I knew, my children, that because of Yoseph this had befallen me, and I repented and wept; and I besought YHWH Elohim that my hand might be restored and that I might hold aloof from all pollution and envy and from all folly.

15 For I knew that I had devised an evil thing before the YHWH and Ya’aqob my father, on account of Yoseph my brother, in that I envied him.

16 And now, my children, hearken to me and beware of the spirit of deceit and envy.

17 For envy rules over the whole mind of a man, and suffers him neither to eat nor to drink, nor to do any good thing. But it ever suggests to him to destroy him that he envies; and so long as he that is envied flourishes, he that envies fades away.

18 Two years therefore I afflicted my soul with fasting in the fear of YHWH, and I learned that deliverance from envy comes by the fear of Elohim.

19 For if a man flee to YHWH, the evil spirit runs away from him and his mind is lightened.

20 And henceforward he sympathizes with him whom he envied and forgives those who are hostile to him, and so ceases from his envy.


Re’uben counsels his hearers against envy.

And my father asked concerning me, because he saw that I was sad; and I said to him, I am pained in my liver.

2 For I mourned more than they all, because I was guilty of the selling of Yoseph.

3 And when we went down into Mitsrayim, and he bound me as a spy, I knew that I was suffering justly, and I grieved not.

4 Now Yoseph was a good man, and had the Ruach of Elohim within him: being compassionate and pitiful, he bore no malice against me; but loved me even as the rest of his brethren.

5 Beware, therefore, my children, of all jealousy and envy, and walk in singleness of heart, that Elohim may give you also favour and esteem, and blessing upon your heads, even as you saw in Yoseph's case.

6 All his days he reproached us not concerning this thing, but loved us as his own soul, and beyond his own sons esteemed us, and gave us riches, and cattle and fruits.

7 Do you also, my children, love each one his brother with a good heart, and the spirit of envy will withdraw from you.

8 For this makes savage the soul and destroys the body; it causes anger and war in the mind, and stirs up to deeds of blood, and leads the mind into frenzy, and causes tumult to the soul and trembling to the body.

9 For even in sleep malicious jealousy gnaws, and with wicked spirits disturbs the soul, and causes the body to be troubled, and wakes the mind from sleep in confusion; and as a wicked and poisonous spirit, so it appears to men.

10 Therefore was Yoseph comely in appearance, and goodly to look upon, because no wickedness dwelt in him; for some of the trouble of the spirit the face manifests.

11 And now, my children, make your hearts good before YHWH, and your ways straight before men, and you shall find favour before YHWH and men.

12 Beware, therefore, of fornication, for fornication is mother of all evils, separating from Elohim, and bringing near to Belial.

13 For I have seen it inscribed in the writing of Enoch that your sons shall be corrupted in fornication, and shall do harm to the sons of Lewi with the sword.

14 But they shall not be able to withstand Lewi; for he shall wage the war of YHWH, and shall conquer all your hosts.

15 And they shall be few in number, divided in Lewi and Yahudah, and there shall be none of you for sovereignty, even as also our father prophesied in his blessings.



A prophecy of the coming of the Messiah.

Behold I have told you all things, that I may be acquitted of your sin.

2 Now, if you remove from you your envy and all stiff-necked-ness, is a rose shall my bones flourish in Yisra’el, and as a lily my flesh in Ya’aqob, and my odor shall be as the odor of Libanus; and as cedars shall set-apart ones be multiplied from me forever, and their branches shall stretch afar off.

3 Then shall perish the seed of Kena’an, and a remnant shall not be to Amalek, and all the Cappadocians shall perish, and all Hittites shall be utterly destroyed.

4 Then shall fail the land of Ham, and all the people shall perish.

5 Then shall all the earth rest from trouble, and all the world under heaven from war.

6 Then the Mighty One of Yisra’el shall esteem Shem.

7 For YHWH Elohim shall appear on earth, and Himself save men,

8 Then shall all the spirits of deceit be given to be trodden under foot, and men shall rule over wicked spirits.

9 Then shall I arise in Joy and will bless the Most High because of His marvellous works, because Elohim has taken a body and eaten with men and saved men.

10 And now, my children obey Lewi and Yahudah, and be not lifted up against these two tribes, for from them shall arise to you the salvation of Elohim.

11 For YHWH shall raise up from Lewi as it were a High Priest, and from Yahudah as it were a Sovereign, Elohim and man, He shall save all the gentiles and the race of Yisra’el.

12 Therefore I give you these commands that you also may command your children, that they may observe them throughout their generations.

13 And when Shim’on had made an end of commanding his sons, he slept with fathers, an hundred and twenty years old.

14 And they laid him in a wooden coffin, to take up his bones to Hebron. And they took them up secretly during a war of the Mitsrites; for the bones of Yoseph the Mitsrites guarded in the tombs of the sovereigns.

15 For the sorcerers told them, that on the departure of the bones of Yoseph there should be throughout all the land darkness and gloom, and an exceeding great plague to the Mitsrites, so that even with a lamp a man should not recognize his brother.

16 And the sons of Shim’on bewailed their father.

17 And they were in Mitsrayim until the day of their departure by the hand of Mosheh.



The Third Son of Ya’aqob and Leah.


Lewi, the third son of Ya’aqob and Leah. A dreamer of dreams, and a prophet.

The copy of the words of Lewi, the things which he ordained to his sons, according to all that they should do, and what things should befall them until the day of judgment.

2 He was sound in health when he called them to him; for it had been revealed to him that he should die.

3 And when they were gathered together he said to them:

4 I, Lewi, was born in Haran, and I came with my father to Shechem.

5 And I was young, about twenty years of age, when, with Shim’on, I wrought vengeance on Hamor for our sister Dinah.

6 And when I was feeding the flocks in Abel-Maul, the spirit of understanding of YHWH came upon me, and I saw all men corrupting their way, and that unrighteousness had built for itself walls, and lawlessness sat upon towers.

7 And I was grieving for the race of the sons of men, and I prayed to YHWH that I might be saved.

8 Then there fell upon me a sleep, and I beheld a high mountain, and I was upon it.

9 And behold the heavens were opened, and a messenger of Elohim said to me, Lewi, enter.

10 And I entered the first heaven, and I saw there a great sea hanging.

11 And further I saw a second heaven far brighter and more brilliant, for there was a boundless light also therein,

12 And I said to the messenger, “Why is this so?” And the messenger said to me, “Marvel not at this, for you shall see another heaven more brilliant and incomparable.

13 And when you have ascended thither, Thou shall stand near YHWH, and shall be His minister, and shall, declare His mysteries to men, and shall proclaim concerning Him that shall redeem Yisra’el.

14 And by thee and Yahudah shall YHWH appear among men, saving every race of men.

15 And from YHWH's portion shall be thy life, and He shall be thy field and vineyard, and fruits, gold, and silver.

16 Hear, therefore, regarding the heavens which have been shown to thee.

17 The lowest is for this cause gloomy to thee, in that it beholds all the unrighteous deeds of men.

18 And it has fire, snow, and ice made ready for the day of judgment, in the righteous judgment of Elohim; for in it are all the spirits of the retributions for vengeance on men.

19 And in the second are the hosts Of the armies which are ordained for the day of judgment, to work vengeance on the spirits of deceit and of Belial.

20 And above them are the set-apart ones.

21 And in the highest of all dwells the Great Esteem, far above all set-apartness.

22 In the heaven next to it are the Malakim, who minister and make propitiation to YHWH for all the sins of ignorance of the righteous;

23 Offering to YHWH a sweet smelling savour, a reasonable and a bloodless offering.

24 And in the heaven below this are the messengers who bear answers to the messengers of the presence of YHWH.

25 And in the heaven next to this are thrones and dominions, in which always they offer praise to Elohim.

26 When, therefore, YHWH looks upon us, all of us are shaken; the heavens, and the earth, and the abysses are shaken at the presence of His majesty.

27 But the sons of men, having no perception of these things, sin and provoke the Most High.



Lewi urges piety and education.

Now, therefore, know that YHWH shall execute judgment upon the sons of men.

2 Because when the rocks are being rent, and the sun quenched, and the waters dried up, and the fire cowering, and all creation troubled, and the invisible spirits melting away, and Hades takes spoils through the visitations of the Most High, men will be unbelieving and persist in their iniquity.

3 On this account with punishment shall they be judged.

4 Therefore the Most High has heard thy prayer, to separate thee from iniquity, and that you should become to Him a son, and a servant, and a minister of His presence.

5 The light of knowledge shall you light up in Ya’aqob, and as the sun shall you be to all the seed of Yisra’el.

6 And there shall be given to thee a blessing, and to all thy seed until YHWH shall visit all the gentiles in His tender mercies forever.

7 And therefore there have been given to thee counsel and understanding, that you might instruct thy sons concerning this;

8 Because they that bless Him shall be blessed, and they that curse Him shall perish.

9 And thereupon the messenger opened to me the gates of heaven, and I saw the set-apart heykal, and upon a throne of esteem the Most High.

10 And He said to me: Lewi, I have given thee the blessing of the priesthood until I come and sojourn in the midst of Yisra’el.

11 Then the messenger brought me down to the earth, and gave me a shield and a sword, and said to me: Execute vengeance on Shechem because of Dinah, thy sister, and I will be with thee because YHWH has sent me.

12 And I destroyed at that time the sons of Hamor, as it is written in the heavenly tables.

13 And I said to him: I pray thee, O YHWH, tell me Thy name, that I may call upon Thee in a day of tribulation.

14 And he said: I am the messenger who intercedes for the nation of Yisra’el that they may not be smitten utterly, for every evil spirit attacks it.

15 And after these things I was awakened, and I blessed the Most High, and the messenger who intercedes for the nation of Yisra’el and for all the righteous.



Lewi has visions and shows what rewards are in store for the righteous.

And when I was going to my father, I found a brazen shield; wherefore also the name of the mountain is Aspis, which is near Gebal, to the south of Abila.

2 And I kept these words in my heart. And after this I counseled my father, and Re’uben my brother, to bid the sons of Hamor not to be circumcised; for I was zealous because of the abomination which they had wrought on my sister.

3 And I slew Shechem first, and Shim’on slew Hamor. And after this my brothers came and smote that city with the edge of the sword.

4 And my father heard these things and was wroth, and he was grieved in that they had received the circumcision, and after that had been put to death, and in his blessings he looked amiss upon us.

5 For we sinned because we had done this thing against his will, and he was sick on that day.

6 But I saw that the sentence of Elohim was for evil upon Shechem; for they sought to do to Sarah and Ribqah as they had done to Dinah our sister, but YHWH prevented them.

7 And they persecuted Abraham our father when he was a stranger, and they vexed his flocks when they were big with young; and Eblaen, who was born in his house, they most shamefully handled.

8 And thus they did to all strangers, taking away their wives by force, and they banished them.

9 But the wrath of YHWH came upon them to the uttermost.

10 And I said to my father Ya’aqob: “By thee will YHWH despoil the Kana’anites, and will give their land to thee and to thy seed after thee.

11 For from this day forward shall Shechem be called a city of imbeciles; for as a man mocks a fool, so did we mock them.

12 Because also they had wrought folly in Yisra’el by defiling my sister. And we departed and came to Beyth El.

13 And there again I saw a vision as the former, after we had spent there seventy days.

14 And I saw seven men in white raiment saying to me: “Arise, put on the robe of the priesthood, and the crown of righteousness, and the breastplate of understanding, and the garment of truth, and the late of faith, and the turban of the head, and the ephod of prophecy.”

15 And they severally carried these things and put them on me, and said to me: “From henceforth become a priest of YHWH, you and thy seed forever.”

16 And the first anointed me with set-apart oil, and gave to me the staff of judgment.

17 The second washed me with pure water and fed me with bread and wine even the most set-apart things and clad me with a set-apart and esteemed robe.

18 The third clothed me with a linen vestment like an ephod.

19 The fourth put round me a girdle like to purple.

20 The fifth gave me a branch of rich olive.

21 The sixth placed a crown on my head.

22 The seventh placed on my head a diadem of priesthood, and filled my hands with incense, that I might serve as priest to YHWH our Elohim.

23 And they said to me: Lewi, thy seed shall be divided into three offices, for a sign of the esteem of YHWH who is to come.

24 And the first portion shall be great; yea, greater than it shall none be.

25 The second shall be in the priesthood.

26 And the third shall be called by a new name, because a soveriegn shall arise in Yahudah, and shall establish a new priesthood.

27 And His presence is beloved, as a prophet of the Most High, of the seed of Abraham our father.

28 Therefore, every desirable thing in Yisra’el shall be for thee and for thy seed, and you shall eat everything fair to look upon, and the table of YHWH shall thy seed apportion.

29 And some of them shall be high priests, and judges, and scribes; for by their mouth shall the set-apart place be guarded.

30 And when I awoke, I understood that this dream was like the first dream. And I hid this also in my heart, and told it not to any man upon the earth.

31 And after two days I and Yahudah went up with our father Ya’aqob to Yitshaq our father's father.

32 And my father's father blessed me according to all the words of the visions which I had seen. And he would not come with us to Beyth El.

33 And when we came to Beyth El, my father saw a vision concerning me, that I should be their priest to Elohim.

34 And he rose up early in the morning, and paid tithes of all to YHWH through me. And so we came to Hebron to dwell there.

35 And Yitshaq called me continually to put me in remembrance of the Torah of YHWH, even as the messenger of YHWH showed me.

36 And he taught me the Torah of the priesthood of sacrifices, whole burnt-offerings, first-fruits, freewill-offerings, peace-offerings.

37 And each day he was instructing me, and was busied on my behalf before YHWH, and said to me: “Beware of the spirit of fornication; for this shall continue and shall by thy seed pollute the set-apart place.

38 Take, therefore, to thyself a wife without blemish or pollution, while yet you are young, and not of the race of strange nations.

39 And before entering into the set-apart place, bathe; and when you offerest the sacrifice, wash; and again, when you finish the sacrifice, wash.

40 Of twelve trees having leaves offer to YHWH, as Abraham taught me also.

41 And of every clean beast and bird offer a sacrifice to YHWH.

42 And of all thy first-fruits and of wine offer the first, as a sacrifice to YHWH Elohim; and every sacrifice you shall salt with salt.

43 Now, therefore, observe whatsoever I command you, children; for whatsoever things I have heard from my fathers I have declared to you.

44 And behold I am clear from your unrighteousness and transgression, which you shall commit in the end of the ages against the Saviour of the world, Messiah, acting unrighteously, deceiving Yisra’el, and stirring up against it great evils from YHWH.

45 And you shall deal lawlessly together with Yisra’el, so He shall not bear with Yerushalayim because of your wickedness; but the veil of the heykal shall be rent, so as not to cover your shame.

46 And you shall be scattered as captives among the gentiles, and shall be for a reproach and for a curse there.

47 For the house which YHWH shall choose shall be called Yerushalayim, as is contained in the Book of Enoch the righteous.

48 Therefore when I took a wife I was twenty-eight years old, and her name was Melcha.

49 And she conceived and bare a son, and I called his name Gersham, for we were sojourners in our land.

50 And I saw concerning him, that he would not be in the first rank.

51 And Kohath was born in the thirty-fifth year of my life, towards sunrise.

52 And I saw in a vision that he was standing on high in the midst of all the congregation.

53 Therefore I called his name Kohath which is, beginning of majesty and instruction.

54 And she bare me a third son, in the fortieth year of my life; and since his mother bare him with difficulty, I called him Merari, that is, 'my bitterness,' because he also was like to die.

55 And Yochebed was born. in Mitsrayim, in my sixty-fourth year, for I was renowned then in the midst of my brethren.

56 And Gereshom took a wife, and she bare to him Lomni and Semei. And the sons of Kohath, Amram, Yissaschar, Hebron, and Ozeel. And the sons of Merari, Mooli, and Mosheh.

57 And in the ninety-fourth year Amram took Yochebed my daughter to him to wife, for they were born in one day, he and my daughter.

58 Eight years old was I when I went into the land of Kana’an, and eighteen years when I slew Shechem, and at nineteen years I became priest, and at twenty-eight years I took a wife, and at forty-eight I went into Mitsrayim.

59 And behold, my children, you are a third generation. In my hundred and eighteenth year Yoseph died.



Lewi shows how wisdom survives destruction. He has no use for scornful people.

And now, my children, I command you: Fear the YHWH your Elohim with your whole heart, and walk in simplicity according to all His Torah.

2 And do you also teach your children letters, that they may have understanding all their life, reading unceasingly the Torah of Elohim.

3 For every one that knows the Torah of YHWH shall be honored, and shall not be a stranger wherever he goes.

4 Yea, many friends shall he gain more than his parents, and many men shall desire to serve him, and to hear the Torah from his mouth.

5 Work righteousness, therefore, my children, upon the earth, that you may have it as a treasure in heaven.

6 And sow good things in your souls, that you may find them in your life.

7 But if you sow evil things, you shall reap every trouble and affliction.

8 Get wisdom in the fear of Elohim with diligence; for though there be a leading into captivity, and cities and lands be destroyed, and gold and silver and every possession perish, the wisdom of the wise naught can take away, save the blindness of unrighteousness, and the callousness that comes of sin.

9 For if one keep oneself from these evil things, then even among his enemies shall wisdom be a esteem to him, and in a strange country a fatherland, and in the midst of foes shall prove a friend.

10 Whosoever teaches noble things and does them, shall be enthroned with sovereigns, as was also Yoseph my brother.

11 Therefore, my children, I have learned that at the end of the ages you will transgress against YHWH, stretching out hands to wickedness against Him; and to all the gentiles shall you become a scorn.

12 For our father Yisra’el (Ya’aqob) is pure from the transgressions of the chief priests [who shall lay their hands upon the Saviour of the world].

13 For as the heaven is purer in YHWH's sight than the earth, so also be you, the lights of Yisra’el, purer than all the gentiles.

14 But if you be darkened through transgressions, what, therefore, will all the gentiles do living in blindness?

15 Yea, you shall bring a curse upon our race, because the light of the Torah which was given for to enlighten every man, this you desire to destroy by teaching commandments contrary to the ordinances of Elohim.

16 The offerings of YHWH you shall rob, and from His portion shall you steal choice portions, eating them contemptuously with harlots.

17 And out of covetousness you shall teach the commandments of YHWH, wedded women shall you pollute, and the virgins of Yerushalayim shall you defile; and with harlots and adulteresses shall you be joined, and the daughters of the gentiles shall you take to wife, purifying them with an unlawful purification; and your union shall be like to Sodom and Amorah,

18 And you shall be puffed up because of your priesthood, lifting yourselves up against men, and not only so, but also against the commands of Elohim.

19 For you shall contemn the set-apart things with jests and laughter.

20 Therefore the Heykal, which YHWH shall choose, shall be laid waste through your uncleanness, and you shall be captives throughout all nations.

21 And you shall be an abomination to them, and you shall receive reproach and everlasting shame from the righteous judgment of Elohim.

22 And all who hate you shall rejoice at your destruction.

23 And if you were not to receive mercy through Abraham, Yitshaq, and Ya’aqob, our fathers, not one of our seed should be left upon the earth.

24 And now I have learned that for seventy weeks you shall go astray, and profane the priesthood, and pollute the sacrifices.

25 And you shall make void the Torah, and set at naught the words of the prophets by evil perverseness.

26 And you shall persecute righteous men, and hate the just; the words of the faithful shall you abhor.

27 And a man who renews the Torah in the power of the Most High, you shall call a deceiver; and at last you shall rush upon him to slay him, not knowing his dignity, taking innocent blood through wickedness upon your heads.

NOTE: Should this not read? “27 And a Man who renews the Torah in the power of the Most High, you shall call a deceiver; and at last you shall rush upon him to slay Him, not knowing His dignity, taking innocent blood through wickedness upon your heads.

28 And your set-apart places shall be laid waste even to the ground because of Him.

29 And you shall have no place that is clean; but you shall be among the gentiles a curse and a dispersion until He shall again visit you, and in pity shall receive you through faith and water.


He prophesies the coming of the Messiah. This was written 100 years before Messiah.

And whereas you have heard concerning the seventy weeks, hear also concerning the priesthood. For in each Yobelim there shall be a priesthood.

2 And in the first Yobelim, the first who is anointed to the priesthood shall be great, and shall speak to Elohim as to a father.

3 And his priesthood shall be perfect with YHWH, and in the day of his gladness shall he arise for the salvation of the world.

4 In the second Yobelim, he that is anointed shall be conceived in the sorrow of beloved ones; and his priesthood shall be honored and shall be esteemed by all.

5 And the third priest shall he taken hold of by sorrow.

6 And the fourth shall be in pain, because unrighteousness shall gather itself against him exceedingly, and all Yisra’el shall hate each one his neighbour.

7 The fifth shall be taken hold of by darkness; likewise also the sixth and the seventh.

8 And in the seventh shall be such pollution as I cannot express before men for they shall know it who do these things.

9 Therefore shall they be taken captive and become a prey and their land and their substance shall be destroyed.

10 And in the fifth week they shall return to their desolate country and shall renew the House of YHWH.

11 And in the seventh week shall become priests, who are idolaters, adulterers, lovers of money, proud, lawless, lascivious, abusers of children and beasts.

12 And after their punishment shall have come from YHWH, the priesthood shall fail.

13 Then shall YHWH raise up a new Priest.

14 And to Him all the words of YHWH shall be revealed; and He shall execute a righteous judgment upon the earth for a multitude of days.

15 And His star shall arise in heaven as of a Soveriegn.

16 Lighting up the light of knowledge as the sun the day and He shall be magnified in the world.

17 He shall shine forth as the sun on the earth, and shall remove all darkness from under heaven, and there shall be peace in all the earth.

18 The heavens shall exult in His days, and the earth shall be glad, and the clouds shall rejoice;

19 And the knowledge of YHWH shall be poured forth upon the earth, as the water of the seas;

20 And the messengers of the esteem of the presence of YHWH shall be glad in Him.

21 The heavens shall be opened, and from the Heykal of Esteem shall come upon Him sanctification, with the Father's voice as from Abraham to Yitshaq.

22 And the Esteem of the Most High shall be uttered over Him, and the spirit of understanding and sanctification shall rest upon Him in the water.

23 For He shall give the Majesty of YHWH to His sons in truth for evermore;

24 And there shall none succeed Him for all generations forever.

25 And in His Priesthood, the gentiles shall be multiplied in knowledge upon the earth, and enlightened through the favour of YHWH. In His Priesthood shall sin come to an end, and the lawless shall cease to do evil.

26 And He shall open the gates of Paradise, and shall remove the threatening sword against Adam, and He shall give to the set-apart ones the right to eat from the Tree of Life, and the spirit of set-apartness shall be on them.

27 And Belial shall be bound by Him, and He shall give power to His children to tread upon the evil spirits.

28 And YHWH shall rejoice in His children, and be well pleased in His beloved ones forever.

29 Then shall Abraham and Yitshaq and Ya’aqob exult, and I will be glad, and all the set-apart ones shall clothe themselves with joy.

30 “And now, my children, you have heard all; choose, therefore, for yourselves either the light or the darkness, either the Torah of YHWH or the works of Belial.”

31 And his sons answered him, saying; “Before YHWH we will walk according to His Torah.”

32 And their father said to them, YHWH is witness, and His messengers are witnesses, and you are witnesses, and I am witness, concerning the word of your mouth.

33 And his sons said to him: “We are witnesses.”

34 And thus Lewi ceased commanding his sons; and he stretched out his feet on the bed, and was gathered to his fathers, after he had lived a hundred and thirty-seven years.

35 And they laid him in a coffin, and afterwards they buried him in Hebron, with Abraham, Yitshaq, and Ya’aqob.



The Fourth Son of Ya’aqob and Leah.


Yahudah, the fourth son of Ya’aqob and Leah. He is the giant, athlete, warrior; he recounts heroic deeds. He runs so fast that he can outstrip a hind.

The copy of the words of Yahudah, what things he spoke to his sons before he died.

2 They gathered themselves together, therefore, and came to him, and he said to them: Hearken, my children, to Yahudah your father.

3 I was the fourth son born to my father Ya’aqob; and Leah my mother named me Yahudah, saying, I give thanks to YHWH, because He has given me a fourth son also.

4 I was swift in my youth and obedient to my father in everything.

5 And I honored my mother and my mother's sister.

6 And it came to pass, when I became a man, that my father blessed me, saying, Thou shall be a soveriegn, prospering in all things.

7 And the YHWH showed me favour in all my works both in the field and in the house.

8 I know that I raced a hind, and caught it, and prepared the meat for my father, and he did eat.

9 And the roes I used to master in the chase, and overtake all that was in the plains.

10 A wild mare I overtook, and caught it and tamed it.

11 I slew a lion and plucked a kid out of its mouth.

12 I took a bear by its paw and hurled it down the cliff, and it was crushed.

13 I outran the wild boar, and seizing it as I ran, I tore it in sunder.

14 A leopard in Hebron leaped upon my dog, and I caught it by the tail, and hurled it on the rocks, and it was broken in twain

15 I found a wild ox feeding in the fields, and seizing it by the horns, and whirling it round and stunning it, I cast it from me and slew it.

16 And when the two sovereigns of the Kena’anites came sheathed, in armour against our flocks, and much people with them, single handed I rushed upon the soveriegn of Hazor, and smote him on the grieves and dragged him down, and so I slew him.

17 And the other, the soveriegn of Tappuah, as he sat upon his horse, I slew, and so I scattered all his people.

18 Achor, the soveriegn, a man of giant stature, I found, hurling javelins before and behind as he sat on horseback, and I took up a stone of sixty pounds weight, and hurled it and smote his horse, and killed it.

19 And I fought with this other for two hours; and I clave his shield in twain, and I chopped off his feet, and killed him.

20 And as I was stripping off his breastplate, behold nine men, his companions, began to fight with me,

21 And I wound my garment on my hand; and I slung stones at them, and killed four of them, and the rest fled.

22 And Ya’aqob my father slew Beelesath, soveriegn of all the sovereigns, a giant in strength, twelve cubits high.

23 And fear fell upon them, and they ceased warring against us.

24 Therefore my father was free from anxiety in the wars when I was with my brethren.

25 For he saw in a vision concerning me that a messenger of might followed me everywhere, that I should not be overcome.

26 And in the south there came upon us a greater war than that in Shechem; and I joined in battle array with my brethren, and pursued a thousand men, and slew of them two hundred men and four sovereigns.

27 And I went up upon the wall, and I slew four mighty men.

28 And so we captured Hazor, and took all the spoil.

29 And the next day we departed to Aretan, a city strong and walled and inaccessible, threatening us with death.

30 But I and Gad approached on the east side of the city, and Re’uben and Lewi on the west.

31 And they that were upon the wall, thinking that we were alone, were drawn down against us.

32 And so my brothers secretly climbed up the wall on both sides by stakes, and entered the city, while the men knew it not.

33 And we took it with the edge of the sword.

34 And as for those who had taken refuge in the tower, we set fire to the tower and took both it and, them.

35 And as we were departing the men of Tappuah seized our spoil, and seeing this we fought with them.

36 And we slew them all and recovered our spoil.

37 And when I was at the waters of Kozeba, the men of Yobel came against us to battle.

38 And we fought with them and routed them; and their allies from Shiloh we slew, and we did not leave them power to come in against us.

39 And the men of Makir came upon us the fifth day, to seize our spoil; and we attacked them and overcame them in fierce battle: for there was a host of mighty men amongst them, and we slew them before they had gone up the ascent.

40 And when we came to their city their women rolled upon us stones from the brow of the hill on which the city stood.

41 And I and Shim’on had ourselves behind the town, and seized upon the heights, and destroyed this city also.

42 And the next day it was told us that the soveriegn of the city of Gaash with a mighty host was coming against us.

43 I, therefore, and Dan feigned ourselves to be Amorites, and as allies went into their city.

44 And in the depth of night our brethren came and we opened to them the gates; and we destroyed all the men and their substance, and we took for a prey all that was theirs, and their three walls we cast down.

45 And we drew near to Thamna, where was all the substance of the hostile sovereigns.

46 Then being insulted by them, I was therefore wroth, and rushed against them to the summit; and they kept slinging against me stones and darts.

47 And had not Dan my brother aided me, they would have slain me.

48 We came upon them, therefore, with wrath, and they all fled; and passing by another way, they fought my father, and he made peace with them.

49 And we did to them no hurt, and they became tributary to us, and we restored to them their spoil.

50 And I built Thamna, and my father built Pabael.

51 I was twenty years old when this war befell. And the Kena’anites feared me and my brethren.

52 And I had much cattle, and I had for chief herdsman Iram the Adullamite.

53 And when I went to him I saw Parsaba, soveriegn of Adullam; and he spoke to us, and he made us a feast; and when I was heated he gave me his daughter Bathshua to wife.

54 She bare me Er, and Onan and Shelah; and two of them YHWH smote: for Shelah lived, and his children are you.



Yahudah describes some archeological findings, a city with walls of Iron and gates of brass. He has an encounter with an adventuress.

And eighteen years my father abode in peace with his brother Esau, and his sons with us, after that we came from Paran Aram, from Laban.

2 And when eighteen years were fulfilled, in the fortieth year of my life, Esau, the brother of my father, came upon us with a mighty and strong people.

3 And Ya’aqob smote Esau with an arrow, and he was taken up wounded on Mount Se’ir, and as he went he died at Anon ram.

4 And we pursued after the sons of Esau.

5 Now they had a city with walls of iron and gates of brass; and we could not enter into it, and we encamped around, and besieged it.

6 And when they opened not to us in twenty days, I set up a ladder in the sight of all and with my shield upon my head I went up, sustaining the assault of stones upwards of three talents weight; and I slew four of their mighty men.

7 And Re’uben and Gad slew six others.

8 Then they asked from us terms of peace; and having taken counsel with our father, we received them as tributaries.

9 And they gave us five hundred kors of wheat, five hundred baths of oil, five hundred measures of wine, until the famine, when we went down into Mitsrayim.

10 And after these things my son Er took to wife Tamar, from Paran Aram, a daughter of Aram.

11 Now Er was wicked, and he was in need concerning Tamar, because she was not of the land of Kena’an.

12 And on the third night a messenger of YHWH smote him.

13 And he had not known her according to the evil craftiness of his mother, for he did not wish to have children by her.

14 In the days of the wedding feast I gave Onan to her in marriage; and he also in wickedness knew her not, though he spent with her a year.

15 And when I threatened him he went in to her, but he spilled the seed on the ground, according to the command of his mother, and he also died through wickedness.

16 And I wished to give Shelah also to her, but his mother did not permit it; for she wrought evil against Tamar, because she was not of the daughters of Kena’an, as she also herself was.

17 And I knew that the race of the Kena’anites was wicked, but the impulse of youth blinded my mind.

18 And when I saw her pouring out wine, owing to the intoxication of wine I was deceived, and took her although my father had not counseled it.

19 And while I was away she went and took for Shelah a wife from Kena’an.

20 And when I knew what she had done, I cursed her in the anguish of my soul.

21 And she also died through her wickedness together with her sons.

22 And after these things, while Tamar was a widow, she heard after two years that I was going up, to shear my sheep, and adorned herself in bridal array, and sat in the city Enaim by the gate.

23 For it was a law of the Amorites, that she who was about to marry should sit in fornication seven days by the gate.

24 Therefore being drunk with wine, I did not recognize her; and her beauty deceived me, through the fashion of her adorning.

25 And I turned aside to her, and said: Let me go in to thee.

26 And she said: What will you give me? And I gave her my staff, and my girdle, and the diadem of my reign in pledge.

27 And I went in to her, and she conceived.

28 And not knowing what I had done, I wished to slay her; but she privately sent my pledges, and put me to shame.

29 And when I called her, I heard also the secret words which I spoke when lying with her in my drunkenness; and I could not slay her, because it was from YHWH.

30 For I said; “lest haply she did it in subtlety, having received the pledge from another woman.”

31 But I came not again near her while I lived, because I had done this abomination in all Yisra’el.

32 Moreover, they who were in the city said there was no harlot in the gate, because she came from another place, and sat for a while in the gate.

33 And I thought that no one knew that I had gone in to her.

34 And after this we came into Mitsrayim to Yoseph, because of the famine.

35 And I was forty and six years old, and seventy and three years lived I in Mitsrayim.



He counsels against wine and lust as twin evils. "For he who is drunken will reverence no man." (Verse 13).

And now I command you, my children, hearken to Yahudah your father, and keep my sayings to perform all the ordinances of YHWH, and to obey the commands of our Elohim.

2 And walk not after your lusts, nor in the imaginations of your thoughts in haughtiness of heart; and esteem not in the deeds and strength of your youth, for this also is evil in the eyes of YHWH.

3 Since I also boasted that in wars no comely woman's face ever enticed me, and reproved Re’uben my brother concerning Bilhah, the wife of my father, the spirits of jealousy and of fornication arrayed themselves against me, until I lay with Bathshua the Kena’anite, and Tamar, who was espoused to my sons.

4 For I said to my father-in-law: I will take counsel with my father, and so will I take thy daughter.

5 And he was unwilling but he showed me a boundless store of gold in his daughter's behalf; for he was a soveriegn.

6 And he adorned her with gold and pearls, and caused her to pour out wine for us at the feast with the beauty of women.

7 And the wine turned aside my eyes, and pleasure blinded my heart.

8 And I became enamored of her and I lay with her, and transgressed the commandment of YHWH and the commandment of my fathers, and I took her to wife.

9 And YHWH rewarded me according to the imagination of my heart, inasmuch as I had no joy in her children.

10 And now, my children, I say to you, be not drunk with wine; for wine turneth the mind away from, the truth, and inspires the passion of lust, and leads the eyes into error.

11 For the spirit of fornication has wine as a minister to give pleasure to the mind; for these two also take away the mind of man.

12 For if a man drink wine to drunkenness, it disturbeth the mind with filthy thoughts leading to fornication, and heats the body to carnal union; and if the occasion of the lust be present, he works the sin, and is not ashamed.

13 Such is the inebriated man, my children; for he who is drunken reverences no man.

14 For, lo, it made me also to err, so that I was not ashamed of the multitude in the city, in that before the eyes of all I turned aside to Tamar, and I wrought a great sin, and I uncovered the covering of my sons' shame.

15 After I had drunk wine I reverenced not the commandment of Elohim, and I took a woman of Kena’an to wife.

16 For much discretion needs the man who drinks wine, my children; and herein is discretion in drinking wine, a man may drink so long as he preserves his modesty.

17 But if he go beyond this limit the spirit of deceit attacks his mind, and it makes the drunkard to talk filthily, and to transgress and not to be ashamed, but even to esteem in his shame, and to account himself honourable.

18 He that commits fornication is not aware when he suffers loss, and is not ashamed when put to dishonour.

19 For even though a man be a soveriegn and commit fornication, he is stripped of his sovereignty by becoming the slave of fornication, as I myself also suffered.

20 For I gave my staff, that is, the stay of my tribe; and my girdle, that is, my power; and my diadem, that is, the esteem of my reign.

21 And indeed I repented of these things; wine and flesh I ate not until my old age, nor did I behold any joy.

22 And the messenger of Elohim showed me that forever do women bare rule over soveriegn and beggar alike.

23 And from the soveriegn they take away his esteem, and from the valiant man his might, and from the beggar even that little which is the stay of his poverty.

24 Observe, therefore, my children, the right limit in wine; for there are in it four evil spirits--of lust, of hot desire, of profligacy, of filthy lucre.

25 If you drink wine in gladness, be you modest in the fear of Elohim.

26 For if in your gladness the fear of Elohim departs, then drunkenness rises and shamelessness steals in.

27 But if you would live soberly do not touch wine at all, lest you sin in words of outrage, and in fightings and slanders, and transgressions of the commandments of Elohim, and you perish before your time.

28 Moreover, wine reveals the mysteries of Elohim and men, even as I also revealed the commandments of Elohim and the mysteries of Ya’aqob my father to the Kena’anite woman Bathshua, which Elohim bade me not to reveal.

29 And wine is a cause both of war and confusion.

30 And now, I command you, my children, not to love money, nor to gaze upon the beauty of women; because for the sake of money and beauty I was led astray to Bathshua the Kena’anite.

31 For I know that because of these two things shall my race fall into wickedness.

32 For even wise men among my sons shall they mar, and shall cause the reign of Yahudah to be diminished, which YHWH gave me because of my obedience to my father.

33 For I never caused grief to Ya’aqob, my father; for all things whatsoever he commanded I did.

34 And Yitshaq, the father of my father, blessed me to be soveriegn in Yisra’el, and Ya’aqob further blessed me in like manner.

35 And I know that from me shall the reign be established.

36 And I know what evils you will do in the last days.

37 Beware, therefore, my children, of fornication, and the love of money, and hearken to Yahudah your father.

38 For these things withdraw us from the Torah of Elohim, and blind the inclination of the soul, and teach arrogance, and suffer not a man to have compassion upon his neighbour.

39 They rob his soul of all goodness, and oppress him with toils and troubles, and drive away sleep from him, and devour his flesh.

40 And he hinders the sacrifices of Elohim; and he remembers not the blessing of Elohim, he hearkens not to a prophet when he speaks, and resents the words of righteousness.

41 For he is a slave to two contrary passions, and cannot obey Elohim, because they have blinded his soul, and he walks in the day as in the night.

42 My children, the love of money leads to idolatry; because, when led astray through money, men name as elohim those who are not Elohim, and it causes him who has it to fall into madness.

43 For the sake of money I lost my children, and had not my repentance, and my humiliation, and the prayers of my father been accepted, I should have died childless.

44 But the Elohim of my fathers had mercy on me, because I did it in ignorance.

45 And the prince of deceit blinded me, and I sinned as a man and as flesh, being corrupted through sins; and I learned my own weakness while thinking myself invincible.

46 Know, therefore, my children, that two spirits wait upon man; the spirit of truth and the spirit of deceit.

47 And in the midst is the spirit of understanding of the mind, to which it belongs to turn whatsoever it will.

And the works of truth and the works of deceit are written upon the hearts of men, and each one of them YHWH knows.

49 And there is no time at which the works of men can be hidden; for on the heart itself have they been written down before YHWH.

50 And the spirit of truth testifies all things, and accuses all; and the sinner is burnt up by his own heart, and cannot raise his face to the judge.


Yahudah makes a vivid simile concerning tyranny and a dire prophecy concerning the morals of his listeners.

And now, my children, I command you, love Lewi, that you may abide, and exalt not yourselves against him, lest you be utterly destroyed.

2 For to me YHWH gave the reign, and to him the priesthood, and He set the reign beneath the priesthood.

3 To me He gave the things upon the earth; to him the things in the heavens.

4 As the heaven is higher than the earth, so is the priesthood of Elohim higher than the earthly reign, unless it falls away through sin from YHWH and is dominated by the earthly reign.

5 For the messenger of YHWH said to me: YHWH chose him rather than thee, to draw near to Him, and to eat of His table and to offer Him the first-fruits of the choice things of the sons of Yisra’el; but you shall be soveriegn of Ya’aqob.

6 And you shall be amongst them as the sea.

7 For as, on the sea, just and unjust are tossed about, some taken into captivity while some are enriched, so also shall every race of men be in thee: some shall be impoverished, being taken captive, and others grow rich by plundering the possessions of others.

8 For the sovereigns shall be as sea-monsters.

9 They shall swallow men like fishes: the sons and daughters of freemen shall they enslave; houses, lands, flocks and money shall they plunder:

10 And with the flesh of many shall they wrongfully feed the ravens and the cranes; and they shall advance in evil in covetousness uplifted, and there shall be false prophets like tempest, and they shall persecute all righteous men.

11 And YHWH shall bring upon them divisions one against another.

12 And there shall be continual wars in Yisra’el; and among men of another race shall my reign be brought to an end, until the salvation of Yisra’el shall come.

13 Until the appearing of the Elohim of righteousness, that Ya’aqob, and all the gentiles may rest in peace.

14 And He shall guard the might of my reign forever; for YHWH swore to me with an oath that He would not destroy the reign from my seed forever.

15 Now I have much grief, my children, because of your lewdness and witchcrafts, and idolatries which you shall practice against the reign, following them that have familiar spirits, diviners, and demons of error.

16 You shall make your daughters singing girls and harlots, and you shall mingle in the abominations of the gentiles.

17 For which things' sake YHWH shall bring upon you famine and pestilence, death and the sword, beleaguering by enemies, and reviling’s of friends, the slaughter of children, the rape of wives, the plundering of possessions, the burning of the Heykal of Elohim, the laying waste of the land, the enslavement of yourselves among the gentiles.

18 And they shall make some of you eunuchs for their wives.

19 Until YHWH visit you, when with perfect heart you repent and walk in all His commandments, and He bring you up from captivity among the gentiles.

20 And after these things shall a star arise to you from Ya’aqob in peace,

21 And a man shall arise from my seed, like the sun of righteousness,

22 Walking with the sons of men in meekness and righteousness;

23 And no sin shall be found in him.

24 And the heavens shall be opened to him, to pour out the spirit, even the blessing of the Qodesh Father; and He shall pour out the spirit of favour upon you;

25 And you shall be to Him sons in truth, and you shall walk in His commandments first and last.

26 Then shall the sceptre of my reign shine forth; and from your root shall arise a stem; and from it shall grow a rod of righteousness to the gentiles, to judge and to save all that call upon the Name of YHWH.

27 And after these things shall Abraham and Yitshaq and Ya’aqob arise to life; and I and my brethren shall be chiefs of the tribes of Yisra’el:

28 Lewi first, I the second, Yoseph third, Benjamin fourth, Shim’on fifth, Yissaschar sixth, and so all in order.

29 And YHWH blessed Lewi, and the Messenger of the Presence, me; the powers of esteem, Shim’on; the heaven, Re’uben; the earth, Yissaschar; the sea, Zebulun; the mountains, Yoseph; the tabernacle, Benjamin; the luminaries, Dan; Eden, Naphtali; the sun, Gad; the moon, Asher.

30 And you shall be the people of YHWH, and have one tongue; and there shall be there no spirit of deceit of Belial, for he shall be cast into the fire forever.

31 And they who have died in grief shall arise in joy, and they who were poor for YHWH's sake shall be made rich, and they who are put to death for YHWH's sake shall awake to LIFE.

32 And the hearts of Ya’aqob shall run in joyfulness, and the eagles of Yisra’el shall fly in gladness; and all the people shall esteem YHWH forever.

33 Observe, therefore, my children, all the Torah of YHWH, for there is hope for all them who hold fast to, His ways.

34 And he said to them: Behold, I die before your eyes this day, a hundred and nineteen years old.

35 Let no one bury me in costly apparel, nor tear open my bowels, for this shall they who are sovereigns do; and carry me up to Hebron with you.

36 And Yahudah, when he had said these things, fell asleep; and his sons did according to all whatsoever he commanded them, and they buried him in Hebron, with his fathers.



The Fifth Son of Ya’aqob and Leah.


Yissaschar, the fifth son of Ya’aqob and Leah. The sinless child of hire for mandrakes. He appeals for simplicity.

The copy of the words of Yissaschar.

2 For he called his sons and said to them: Hearken, my children, to Yissaschar your father; give ear to the words of him who is beloved of YHWH.

3 I was born the fifth son to Ya’aqob, by way of hire for the mandrakes.

4 For Re’uben my brother brought in mandrakes from the field, and Rahel met him and took them.

5 And Re’uben wept, and at his voice Leah my mother came forth.

6 Now these mandrakes were sweet-smelling apples which were produced in the land of Haran below a ravine of water.

7 And Rahel said: I will not give them to thee, but they shall be to me instead of children.

8 For YHWH has despised me, and I have not borne children to Ya’aqob.

9 Now there were two apples; and Leah said to Rahel: Let it suffice thee that you have taken my husband: will you take these also?

10 And Rahel said to her: Thou shall have Ya’aqob this night for the mandrakes of thy son,

11 And Leah said to her: Ya’aqob is mine, for I am the wife of his youth.

12 But Rahel said: Boast not, and boast not thyself; for he espoused me before thee, and for my sake he served our father fourteen years.

13 And had not craft increased on the earth and the wickedness of men prospered, you wouldst not now see the face of Ya’aqob.

14 For you art not his wife, but in deceit were taken to him in my stead.

15 And my father deceived me, and removed me on that night, and did not suffer Ya’aqob to see me; for had I been there, this had not happened to him.

16 Nevertheless, for the mandrakes I am hiring Ya’aqob to thee for one night.

17 And Ya’aqob knew Leah, and she conceived and bare me, and on account of the hire I was called Yissaschar.

18 Then appeared to Ya’aqob a messenger of YHWH, saying: Two children shall Rahel bear, inasmuch as she has refused company with her husband, and has chosen continence.

19 And had not Leah my mother paid the two apples for the sake of his company, she would have borne eight sons; for this reason she bare six, and Rahel bare the two: for on account of the mandrakes YHWH visited her.

20 For He knew that for the sake of children she wished to company with Ya’aqob, and not for lust of pleasure.

21 For on the morrow also she again gave up Ya’aqob.

22 Because of the mandrakes, therefore, YHWH hearkened to Rahel.

23 For though she desired them, she kept them not, but offered them in the House of YHWH, presenting them to the priest of the Most High who was at that time.

24 When, therefore, I grew up, my children, I walked in uprightness of heart, and I became a husbandman for my father and my brethren, and I brought in fruits from the field according to their season.

25 And my father blessed me, for he saw that I walked in righteousness before him.

Note:  I find it very interesting (and VERY SAD) that the “christian” ‘interpreters’ of this and all the writings that were omitted from the Scriptures by ‘men’, have to go out of their way to find alternative words to what is written, because they cannot dare say the word ‘righteousness’.  This occurrence of the correct word ‘righteousness’ was ‘interpreted’ as “rectitude”; taking us away from the Truth of YHWH’s Word.  They should be ashamed! And they will.  I will have to change this in the following verses, in addition to v.25 above: 1:29

26 And I was not a busybody in my doings, nor envious or malicious against my neighbour.

27 I never slandered anyone, nor did I censure the life of any man, walking as I did in singleness of eye.

28 Therefore, when I was thirty-five years old, I took to myself a wife, for my labour wore away my strength, and I never thought upon pleasure with women; but owing to my toil, sleep overcame me.

29 And my father always rejoiced in my righteousness, because I offered through the priest to the YHWH all first-fruits; then to my father also.

30 And YHWH increased ten thousand-fold His benefits in my hands; and also Ya’aqob, my father, knew that Elohim aided my singleness.

31 For on all the poor and oppressed I bestowed the good things of the earth in the singleness of my heart.

32 And now, hearken to me, my children, and walk in singleness of your heart, for I have seen in it all that is well-pleasing to YHWH.

33 The single-minded man covets not gold, he overreaches not his neighbour, he longs not after manifold dainties, he delights not in varied apparel.

34 He does not desire to live a long life, but only waits for the will of Elohim.

35 And the spirits of deceit have no power against him, for he looks not on the beauty of women, lest he should pollute his mind with corruption.

36 There is no envy in his thoughts, no malicious person makes his soul to pine away, nor worry with insatiable desire in his mind.

37 For he walks in singleness of soul, and beholds all things in uprightness of heart, shunning eyes made evil through the error of the world, lest he should see the perversion of any of the commandments of YHWH.

38 Keep, therefore, my children, the Torah of Elohim, and get singleness, and walk in guilelessness (righteousness) (Again, they have done the same ‘false teaching’), not playing the busybody with the business of your neighbour, but love YHWH and your neighbour, have compassion on the poor and weak.

39 Bow down your back to husbandry, and toil in labours in all manner of husbandry, offering gifts to YHWH with thanksgiving.

40 For with the first-fruits of the earth will YHWH bless you, even as He blessed all the set-apart ones from Abel even until now.

41 For no other portion is given to you than of the fatness of the earth, whose fruits are raised by toil.

42 For our father Ya’aqob blessed me with blessings of the earth and of first-fruits.

43 And Lewi and Yahudah were esteemed by YHWH even among the sons of Ya’aqob; for YHWH gave them an inheritance, and to Lewi He gave the priesthood, and to Yahudah the reign.

44 And do you therefore obey them, and walk in the singleness of your father; for to Gad has it been given to destroy the troops that are coming upon Yisra’el.


Know you therefore, my children, that in the last times your sons will forsake singleness, and will cleave to insatiable desire.

2 And leaving guilelessness, (RIGHTEOUSNESS) will draw near to malice; and forsaking the commandments of YHWH, they will cleave to Belial.

3 And leaving husbandry, they will follow after their own wicked devices, and they shall be dispersed among the gentiles, and shall serve their enemies.

4 And do you therefore give these commands to your children, that, if they sin, they may the more quickly return to YHWH; For He is merciful, and will deliver them, even to bring them back into their land.

5 Behold, therefore, as you see, I am a hundred and twenty-six years old and am not conscious of committing any sin.

6 Except my wife I have not known any woman. I never committed fornication by the uplifting of my eyes.

7 I drank not wine, to be led astray thereby;

8 I coveted not any desirable thing that was my neighbour's.

9 Guile arose not in my heart;

10 A lie passed not through my lips.

11 If any man were in distress I joined my sighs with his,

12 And I shared my bread with the poor.

13 I wrought RIGHTEOUSNESS, all my days I kept truth.

14 I loved YHWH; likewise also every man with all my heart.

15 So do you also these things, my children, and every spirit of Belial shall flee from you, and no deed of wicked men shall rule over you;

16 And every wild beast shall you subdue, since you have with you the Elohim of heaven and earth and walk with men in singleness of heart.

17 And having said these things, he commanded his sons that they should carry him up to Hebron, and bury him there in the cave with his fathers.

18 And he stretched out his feet and died, at a good old age; with every limb sound, and with strength unabated, he slept the eternal sleep.



The Sixth Son of Ya’aqob and Leah.


Zebulun, the sixth son of Ya’aqob and Leah. The inventor and philanthropist., What he learned as a result of the plot against Yoseph.

The copy of the words of Zebulun, which he enjoined on his sons before he died in the hundred and fourteenth year of his life, two years after the death of Yoseph.

2 And he said to them: “Hearken to me, sons of Zebulun, attend to the words of your father.

3 I, Zebulun, was born a good gift to my parents.

4 For when I was born my father was increased very exceedingly, both in flocks and herds, when with the streaked rods he had his portion.

5 I am not conscious that I have sinned all my days, save in thought.

6 Nor yet do I remember that I have done any iniquity, except the sin of ignorance which I committed against Yoseph; for I covenanted with my brethren not to tell my father what had been done.

7 But I wept in secret many days on account of Yoseph, for I feared my brethren, because they had all agreed that if anyone should declare the secret, he should be slain.

8 But when they wished to kill him, I adjured them much with tears not to be guilty of this sin.

9 For Shim’on and Gad came against Yoseph to kill him, and he said to them with tears: Pity me, my brethren, have mercy upon the bowels of Ya’aqob our father: lay not upon me your hands to shed innocent blood, for I have not sinned against you.

10 And if indeed I have sinned, with chastening chastise me, my brethren, but lay not upon me your hand, for the sake of Ya’aqob our father,

11 And as he spoke these words, wailing as he did so, I was unable to bear his lamentations, and began to weep, and my liver was poured out, and all the substance of my bowels was loosened.

12 And I wept with Yoseph and my heart sounded, and the joints of my body trembled, and I was not able to stand.

13 And when Yoseph saw me weeping with him, and them coming against him to slay him, he fled behind me, beseeching them.

14 But meanwhile Re’uben arose and said: Come, my brethren, let us not slay him, but let us cast him into one of these dry pits, which our fathers dug and found no water.

15 For this cause YHWH forbade that water should rise up in them in order that Yoseph should be preserved.

16 And they did so, until they sold him to the Yishma’elites.

17 For in his price I had no share, my children.

18 But Shim’on and Gad and six other of our brethren took the price of Yoseph, and bought sandals for themselves, and their wives, and their children, saying:

19 We will not eat of it, for it is the price of our brother's blood, but we will assuredly tread it under foot, because he said that he would be soveriegn over us, and so let us see what will become of his dreams.

20 Therefore it is written in the writing of the Torah of Mosheh, that whosoever will not raise up seed to his brother, his sandal should be unloosed, and they should spit in his face.

21 And the brethren of Yoseph wished not that their brother should live, and YHWH loosed from them the sandal which they wore against Yoseph their brother.

22 For when they came into Mitsrayim they were unloosed by the servants of Yoseph outside the gate, and so they made obeisance to Yoseph after the fashion of Pharaoh.

23 And not only did they make obeisance to him, but were spit upon also, falling down before him forthwith, and so they were put to shame before the Mitsrites.

24 For after this the Mitsrites heard all the evils that they had done to Yoseph.

25 And after he was sold my brothers sat down to eat and drink.

26 But I, through pity for Yoseph, did not eat, but watched the pit, since Yahudah feared lest Shim’on, Dan, and Gad should rush off and slay him.

27 But when they saw that I did not eat, they set me to watch him, till he was sold to the Yishma’elites.

28 And when Re’uben came and heard that while he was away Yoseph had been sold, he rent his garments, and in mourning, said:

29 “How shall I look on the face of my father Ya’aqob?” And he took the money and ran after the merchants but as he failed to find them he returned grieving.

30 But the merchants had left the broad road and marched through the Troglodytes (cave dwellers) by a short cut.

31 But Re’uben was grieved, and ate no food that day.

32 Dan therefore came to him and said: “Weep not, neither grieve; for we have found what we can say to our father Ya’aqob.”

33 “Let us slay a kid of the goats, and dip in it the coat of Yoseph; and let us send it to Ya’aqob, saying: Know, is this the coat of thy son?”

34 And they did so; for they stripped off from Yoseph his coat when they were selling him, and put on him the garment of a slave.

35 Now Shim’on took the coat, and would not give it up, for he wished to rend it with his sword, as he was angry that Yoseph lived and that he had not slain him.

36 Then we all rose up and said to him: “If you gives not up the coat, we will say to our father that you alone didst this evil thing in Yisra’el.”

37 And so he gave it to them, and they did even as Dan had said.


He urges human sympathy and understanding of one's fellow men.

“And now children, I beseech you to keep the commands of YHWH, and to show mercy to your neighbors, and to have compassion towards all, not towards men only, but also towards beasts.”

2 For all this thing's sake YHWH blessed me, and when all my brethren were sick, I escaped without sickness, for YHWH knows the purposes of each.

3 “Have, therefore, compassion in your hearts, my children, because even as a man does to his neighbour, even so also will YHWH do to him.”

4 For the sons of my brethren were sickening and were dying on account of Yoseph, because they showed not mercy in their hearts; but my sons were preserved without sickness, as you know.

5 And when I was in the land of Kena’an, by the sea-coast, I made a catch of fish for Ya’aqob my father; and when many were choked in the sea, I continued unhurt.

6 I was the first to make a boat to sail upon the sea, for YHWH gave me understanding and wisdom therein.

7 And I let down a rudder behind it, and I stretched a sail upon another upright piece of wood in the midst.

8 And I sailed therein along the shores, catching fish for the house of my father until we came to Mitsrayim.

9 And through compassion I shared my catch with every stranger.

10 And if a man were a stranger, or sick, or aged, I boiled the fish, and dressed them well, and offered them to all men, as every man had need, grieving with and having compassion upon them.

11 Wherefore also YHWH satisfied me with abundance of fish when catching fish; for he that shares with his neighbour receives manifold more from YHWH.

12 For five years I caught fish and gave thereof to every man whom I saw, and sufficed for all the house of my father.

13 And in the summer I caught fish, and in the winter I kept sheep with my brethren.

14 Now I will declare to you what I did.

15 I saw a man in distress through nakedness in wintertime, and had compassion upon him, and stole away a garment secretly from my father's house, and gave it to him who was in distress.

16 Do you, therefore, my children, from that which Elohim bestows upon you, show compassion and mercy without hesitation to all men, and give to every man with a good heart.

17 And if you have not the wherewithal to give to him that has needs, have compassion for him in acts of mercy.

18 I know that my hand found not the wherewithal to give to him that needed, and I walked with him weeping for seven furlongs, and my bowels yearned towards him in compassion.

19 Have, therefore, yourselves also, my children, compassion towards every man with mercy, that YHWH also may have compassion and mercy upon you.

20 Because also in, the last days Elohim will send His compassion on the earth, and wherever He finds acts of mercy He dwells in him.

21 For in the degree in which a man has compassion upon his neighbors, in the same degree has YHWH also upon him.

22 And when we went down into Mitsrayim, Yoseph bore no malice against us.

23 To whom taking heed, do you also, my children, approve yourselves without malice, and love one another; and do not set down in account, each one of you, evil against his brother.

24 For this breaks unity and divides all kindred, and troubles the soul, and wears away the countenance.

25 Observe, therefore, the waters, and know when they flow together, they sweep along stones, trees, earth, and other things.

26 But if they are divided into many streams, the earth swallows them up, and they vanish away.

27 So shall you also be if you be divided. Be not you therefore, divided into two heads for everything which YHWH made has but one head, and two shoulders, two hands, two feet, and all the remaining members.

28 For I have learned in the writings of my fathers, that you shall be divided in Yisra’el, and you shall follow two sovereigns, and shall work every abomination.

29 And your enemies shall lead you captive, and you shall be evil entreated among the gentiles, with many infirmities and tribulations.

30 And after these things you shall remember YHWH and repent, and He shall have mercy upon you, for He is merciful and compassionate.

In the Last Days…The Song of Mosheh…YHWH waits for this. The Song of Mosheh is a Prophecy and HE waits for Yisra'el to REPENT and Cry Out to Him.

31 And He sets down in account evil against the sons of men, because they are flesh, and are deceived through their own wicked deeds.

32 And after these things shall there arise to you YHWH Himself, the light of righteousness, and you shall return to your land.

33 And you shall see Him in Yerushalayim, for His Name's sake.

34 And again through the wickedness of your works shall you provoke Him to anger,

35 And you shall be cast away by Him to the time of consummation.

36 And now, my children grieve not that I am dying, nor be cast down in that I am coming to my end.

37 For I shall rise again in the midst of you, as a ruler in the midst of his sons; and I shall rejoice in the midst of my tribe, as many as shall keep the Torah of YHWH, and the commandments of Zebulun their father.

38 But upon the unrighteous shall YHWH bring eternal fire, and destroy them throughout all generations.

39 But I am now hastening away to my rest, as did also my fathers.

40 But, you fear YHWH our Elohim with all your strength all the days of your life.

41 And when he had said these things he fell asleep, at a good old age.

42 And his sons laid him in a wooden coffin. And afterwards they carried him up and buried him in Hebron, with his fathers.



The Seventh Son of Ya’aqob by; Bilhah.


The seventh son of Ya’aqob, the jealous one, he counsels against anger saying that "it gives peculiar vision." This is a notable thesis on anger.

The copy of the words of Dan, which he spoke to his sons in his last days, in the hundred and twenty-fifth year of his life.

2 For he called together his family, and said: “Hearken to my words, sons of Dan; and give heed to the words of your father.

3 I have proved in my heart, and in my whole life, that truth with just dealing is good and well pleasing to Elohim, and that lying and anger are evil, because they teach man all wickedness.

4 I confess, therefore, this day to you, my children, that in my heart I resolved on the death of Yoseph my brother, the true and good man. .

5 And I rejoiced that he was sold, because his father loved him more than us.

6 For the spirit of jealousy and vanity said to me: “Thou thyself also art his son.”

7 And one of the spirits of Belial stirred me up, saying: “Take this sword, and with it slay Yoseph: so shall thy father love thee when he is dead.”

8 Now this is the spirit of anger that persuaded me to crush Yoseph as a leopard crushes a kid (young goat).

9 But the Elohim of my fathers did not suffer him to fall into my hands, so that I should find him alone and slay him, and cause a second tribe to be destroyed in Yisra’el.

10 And now, my children, behold I am dying, and I tell you of a truth, that unless you keep yourselves from the spirit of lying and of anger, and love truth and longsuffering, you shall perish.

11 For anger is blindness, and does not suffer one to see the face of any man with truth.

12 For though it be a father or a mother, he behaves towards them as enemies; though it be a brother, he knows him not; though it be a Prophet of YHWH, he disobeys him; though a righteous man, he regards him not; though a friend, he does not acknowledge him.

13 For the spirit of anger encompasses him with the net of deceit, and blinds his eyes, and through lying darkens his mind, and gives him its own peculiar vision.

14 And wherewith encompasses it his eyes? With hatred of heart, so as to be envious of his brother.

15 For anger is an evil thing, my children, for it troubles even the soul itself.

16 And the body of the angry man it makes its own, and over his soul it begets the mastery, and it bestows upon the body power that it may work all iniquity.

17 And when the body does all these things, the soul justifies what is done, since it sees not aright.

18 Therefore he that is wrathful, if he be a mighty man, has a threefold power in his anger: one by the help of his servants; and a second by his wealth, whereby he persuades and overcomes wrongfully; and thirdly, having his own natural power he works thereby the evil.

19 And though the wrathful man be weak, yet has he a power twofold of that which is by nature; for wrath ever aides such in lawlessness.

20 This spirit goes always with lying at the right hand of Satan, that with cruelty and lying his works may be wrought.

21 Understand you, therefore, the power of wrath, that it is vain.

22 For it first of all gives provocation by word; then by deeds it strengthens him who is angry, and with sharp losses disturbs his mind, and so stirs up with great wrath his soul.

23 Therefore, when any one speaks against you, be not moved to anger, and if any man praises you as set-apart men, be not uplifted: be not moved either to delight or to disgust.

24 For first it pleases the hearing, and so makes the mind keen to perceive the grounds for provocation; and then being enraged, he thinketh that he is justly angry.

25 If you fall into any loss or ruin, my children, be not afflicted; for this very spirit makes a man desire that which is perishable, in order that he may be enraged through the affliction.

26 And if you suffer loss voluntarily, or involuntarily, be not vexed; for from vexation arises wrath with lying.

27 Moreover, a twofold mischief is wrath with lying; and they assist one another in order to disturb the heart; and when the soul is continually disturbed, YHWH departs from it, and Belial rules over it.


A prophecy of the sins, captivity, plagues, and ultimate restitution of the nation. They still talk of Eden (See Verse 18). Verse 23 is remarkable in the light of prophecy.

Observe, therefore, my children, the commandments of YHWH, and keep His Torah; depart from wrath, and hate lying, that YHWH may dwell among you, and Belial may flee from you.

2 Speak truth each one with his neighbour. So shall you not fall into wrath and confusion; but you shall be in peace, having the Elohim of peace, so shall no war prevail over you.

3 Love YHWH through all your life, and one another with a true heart.

4 I know that in the last days you shall depart from YHWH, and you shall provoke Lewi to anger, and fight against Yahudah; but you shall not prevail against them, for a messenger of YHWH shall guide them both; for by them shall Yisra’el stand.

5 And whenever you depart from YHWH, you shall walk in all evil and work the abominations of the gentiles, going whoring after women of the lawless ones, while with all wickedness the spirits of wickedness are at work in you.

6 For I have read in the book of Enoch the righteous, that your prince is Satan, and that all the spirits of wickedness and pride will conspire to attend constantly on the sons of Lewi, to cause them to sin before YHWH.

7 And my sons will draw near to Lewi, and sin with them in all things; and the sons of Yahudah will be covetous, plundering other men's goods like lions.

8 Therefore shall you be led away with them into captivity, and there shall you receive all the plagues of Mitsrayim, and all the evils of the gentiles.

9 And so when you return to the YHWH you shall obtain mercy, and He shall bring you into His sanctuary, and He shall give you peace.

10 And there shall arise to you from the tribe of Yahudah and of Lewi the salvation of YHWH; and he shall make war against Belial.

11 And execute an everlasting vengeance on our enemies; and the captivity shall he take from Belial the souls of the set-apart ones, and turn disobedient hearts to YHWH, and give to them that call upon Him eternal peace.

12 And the set-apart ones shall rest in Eden, and in the New Yerushalayim shall the righteous rejoice, and it shall be to the esteem of Elohim forever.

13 And no longer shall Yerushalayim endure desolation, nor Yisra’el be led captive; for YHWH shall be in the midst of them and the Qodesh One of Yisra’el shall reign over them in humility and in poverty; and he who believeth on Him shall reign amongst men in truth.

14 And now, fear YHWH, my children, and beware of Satan and his spirits.

15 Draw near to Elohim and to the messenger that intercedes for you, for he is a mediator between Elohim and man, and for the peace of Yisra’el he shall stand up against the reign of the enemy.

16 Therefore is the enemy eager to destroy all that call upon YHWH.

17 For he knows that upon the day on which Yisra’el shall repent, the reign of the enemy shall be brought to an end.

18 For the very messenger of peace shall strengthen Yisra’el, that it fall not into evil.

19 And it shall be in the time of the lawlessness of Yisra’el, that YHWH will not depart from them, but will transform them into a nation that does His will, for none of the messengers will be equal to Him.

20 And His Name shall be in every place in Yisra’el, and among the gentiles.

21 Keep, therefore yourselves my children, from every evil work, and cast away wrath and all lying, and love truth and long-suffering.

22 And the things which you have heard from your father, do you also impart to your children that the Saviour of the gentiles may receive you; for He is true and long-suffering, meek and lowly, and teaches by His works the Torah of Elohim.

23 Depart, therefore, from all unrighteousness, and cleave to the righteousness of Elohim, and your race will be saved forever.

24 And bury me near my fathers.

25 And when he had said these things he kissed them, and fell asleep at a good old age.

26 And his sons buried him, and after that they carried up his bones, and placed them near Abraham, and Yitshaq, and Ya’aqob.

27 Nevertheless, Dan prophesied to them that they should forget their Elohim, and should be alienated from the land of their inheritance and from the race of Yisra’el, and from the family of their seed.



The Eighth Son of Ya’aqob, by Bilhah.


Naphtali, the eighth son of Ya’aqob, the Runner, a lesson in physiology.

The copy of the testament of Naphtali; which he ordained at the time of his death in the hundred and thirtieth year of his life.

2 When his sons were gathered together in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, while still in good health, he made them a feast of food and wine.

3 And after he was awake in the morning, he said to them, “I am dying”; and they believed him not.

4 And as he esteemed YHWH, he grew strong and said that after yesterday's feast he should die.

5 And he began then to say: “Hear, my children, sons of Naphtali, hear the words of your father.

6 I was born from Bilhah, and because Rahel gave Bilhah in place of herself to Ya’aqob, and she conceived and bare me upon Rahel's knees, therefore she called my name Naphtali.

7 For Rahel loved me very much because I was born upon her lap; and when I was still young she was wont to kiss me, and say: May I have a brother of thine from mine own womb, like to thee.

8 Whence also Yoseph was like to me in all things, according to the prayers of Rahel.

9 Now my mother was Bilhah, daughter of Rotheus the brother of Deborah, Ribqah’s nurse, who was born on one and the self-same day with Rahel.

10 And Rotheus was of the family of Abraham, a Chaldean, Elohim-fearing, free-born, and noble.

11 And he was taken captive and was bought by Laban; and he gave him Euna his handmaid to wife, and she bore a daughter, and called her name Zilpah, after the name of the village in which he had been taken captive.

12 And next she bore Bilhah, saying: “My daughter hastens after what is new”, for immediately that she was born she seized the breast and hastened to suck it.

13 And I was swift on my feet like the deer, and my father Ya’aqob appointed me for all messages, and as a deer did he give me his blessing.

14 For as the potter knows the vessel, how much it is to contain, and brings clay accordingly, so also does YHWH make the body after the likeness of the spirit, and according to the capacity of the body does He implant the spirit.

15 And the one does not fall short of the other by a third part of a hair; for by weight, and measure, and rule was all the creation made.

16 And as the potter knows the use of each vessel, what it is meant for, so also does YHWH know the body, how far it will persist in goodness, and when it begins in evil.

17 For there is no inclination or thought which YHWH knows not, for He created every man after His own image.

18 For as a man's strength, so also in his work; as his eye, so also in his sleep; as his soul, so also in his word either in the Torah of YHWH or in the law of Belial.

19 And as there is a division between light and darkness, between seeing and hearing, so also is there a division between man and man, and between woman and woman; and it is not to be said that the one is like the other either in face or in mind.

20 For Elohim made all things good in their order, the five senses in the head, and He joined on the neck to the head, adding to it the hair also for comeliness and esteem, then the heart for understanding, the belly for excrement, and the stomach for grinding, the windpipe for taking in the breath, the liver for wrath, the gall for bitterness, the spleen for laughter, the reins for prudence, the muscles of the loins for power, the lungs for drawing in, the loins for strength, and so forth.

21 So then, my children let all your works be done in order with good intent in the fear of Elohim, and do nothing disorderly in scorn or out of its due season.

22 For if you bid the eye to hear, it cannot; so neither while you are in darkness can you do the works of light.

23 Be you, therefore, not eager to corrupt your doings through covetousness or with vain words to beguile your souls; because if you keep silence in purity of heart, you shall understand how to hold fast the will of Elohim, and to cast away the will of Belial.

24 Sun and moon and stars, change not their order; so do you also change not the Torah of Elohim in the disorderliness of your doings.

25 The gentiles went astray, and forsook YHWH, and charged their order, and obeyed stocks and stones; spirits of deceit.

26 But you shall not be so, my children, recognizing in the firmament, in the earth and in the sea and in all created things, YHWH who made all things, that you become not as Sodom, which changed the order of nature.

27 In like manner the Watchers also changed the order of their nature, whom YHWH cursed at the flood, on whose account He made the earth without inhabitants and fruitless.

28 These things I say to you, my children, for I have read in the writing of Enoch that you yourselves also shall depart from YHWH, walking according to all the lawlessness of the gentiles, and you shall do according to all the wickedness of Sodom.

29 And YHWH shall bring captivity upon you, and there shall you serve your enemies, and you shall be bowed down with every affliction and tribulation, until YHWH have consumed you all.

30 And after you have become diminished and made few, you return and acknowledge YHWH your Elohim; and He shall bring you back into your land, according to His abundant mercy.

The Song of Mosheh

31 And it shall be, that after that they come into the land of their fathers, they shall again forget YHWH and become unrighteous.

32 And YHWH shall scatter them upon the face of all the earth, until the compassion of YHWH shall come, a man working righteousness and working mercy to all them that are afar off, and to them that are near.


He makes a plea for orderly living. Notable for their eternal wisdom are Verses 27-40.

For in the fortieth year of my life, I saw a vision on the Mount of Olives, on the east of Yerushalayim, that the sun and the moon were standing still.

2 And behold Yitshaq, the father of my father, said to us; “Run and lay hold of them, each one according to his strength; and to him that seizes them will the sun and moon belong.”

3 And we all ran together, and Lewi laid hold of the sun, and Yahudah outstripped the others and seized the moon, and they were both of them lifted up with them.

4 And when Lewi became as a sun, lo, a certain young man gave to him twelve branches of palm; and Yahudah was bright as the moon, and under their feet were twelve rays.

5 And the two, Lewi and Yahudah, ran, and laid hold of them.

6 And lo, a bull upon the earth, with two great horns, and an eagle's wings upon its back; and we wished to seize him, but could not.

7 But Yoseph came, and seized him, and ascended up with him on high.

8 And I saw, for I was there, and behold a set-apart writing appeared to us, saying: “Assyrians, Medes, Persians, Chaldeans, Syrians, shall possess in captivity the twelve tribes of Yisra’el.”

9 And again, after seven days, I saw our father Ya’aqob standing by the sea of Jamnia, and we were with him.

10 And behold, there came a ship sailing by, without sailors or pilot; and there was written upon the ship, The Ship of Ya’aqob.

11 And our father said to us: “Come, let us embark on our ship.”

12 And when he had gone on board, there arose a vehement storm, and a mighty tempest of wind; and our father, who was holding the helm, departed from us.

13 And we, being tossed with the tempest, were borne along over the sea; and the ship was filled with water, and was pounded by mighty waves, until it was broken up.

14 And Yoseph fled away upon a little boat, and we were all divided upon nine planks, and Lewi and Yahudah were together.

15 And we were all scattered to the ends of the earth.

16 Then Lewi, girded about with sackcloth, prayed for us all to YHWH.

17 And when the storm ceased, the ship reached the land as it were in peace.

18 And, lo, our father came, and we all rejoiced with one accord.

19 These two dreams I told to my father; and he said to me: “These things must be fulfilled in their season”, after that Yisra’el has endured many things.

20 Then my father said to me: “I believe Elohim that Yoseph lives, for I see always that YHWH numbers him with you.”

21 And he said, weeping: “Ah me, my son Yoseph, you live, though I behold thee not, and you see not Ya’aqob that begat thee.”

22 He caused me also, therefore, to weep by these words, and I burned in my heart to declare that Yoseph had been sold, but I feared my brethren.

23 “And lo! My children, I have shown to you the last times, how everything shall come to pass in Yisra’el.

24 Do you also, therefore, charge your children that they be united to Lewi and to Yahudah; for through them shall salvation arise to Yisra’el, and in them shall Ya’aqob be blessed.

25 For through their tribes shall Elohim appear dwelling among men on earth, to save the race of Yisra’el, and to gather together the righteous from amongst the gentiles.

26 If you work that which is good, my children, both men and messengers shall bless you; and Elohim shall be esteemed among the gentiles through you, and the devil shall flee from you, and the wild beasts shall fear you, and YHWH shall love you, and the messengers shall cleave to you.

27 As a man who has trained a child well is kept in kindly remembrance; so also for a good work there is a good remembrance before Elohim.

28 But him that does not that which is good, both messengers and men shall curse, and Elohim shall be dishonored among the gentiles through him, and the devil shall make him as his own peculiar instrument, and every wild beast shall master him, and YHWH shall hate him.

29 For the commandments of the Torah are twofold, and through prudence must they be fulfilled.

30 For there is a season for a man to embrace his wife, and a season to abstain therefrom for his prayer.

31 So, then, there are two commandments; and, unless they be done in due order, they bring very great sin upon men.

32 So also is it with the other commandments.

33 Be you therefore wise in Elohim, my children, and prudent, understanding the order of His commandments, and the laws of every word, that YHWH may love you.”

34 And when he had charged them with many such words, he exhorted them that they should remove his bones to Hebron, and that they should bury him with his fathers.

35 And when he had eaten and drank with a merry heart, he covered his face and died.

36 And his sons did according to all that Naphtali their Father had commanded them.



The Ninth Son of Ya’aqob by Zilpah.


Gad, the ninth son of Ya’aqob, shepherd and strong man but a murderer at heart. Verse 25 is a notable definition of hatred.

The copy of the testament of Gad, what things he spoke to his sons, in the hundred and twenty-fifth year of his life, saying to them:

2 “Hearken, my children, I was the ninth son born to Ya’aqob, and I was valiant in keeping the flocks.

3 Accordingly I guarded at night the flock; and whenever the lion came, or the wolf, or any wild beast against the fold, I pursued it, and overtaking it I seized its foot with my hand and hurled it about a stone's throw, and so killed it.”

As we should also do to any ‘beast’ that teaches apostasy.

4 “Now Yoseph my brother was feeding the flock with us for upwards of thirty days, and being young, he fell sick by reason of the heat.

5 And he returned to Hebron to our father, who made him lie down near him, because he loved him greatly.

6 And Yoseph told our father that the sons of Zilpah and Bilhah were slaying the best of the flock and eating them against the judgment of Re’uben and Yahudah.

7 For he saw that I had delivered a lamb out of the mouth of a bear, and put the bear to death; but had slain the lamb, being grieved concerning it that it could not live, and that we had eaten it.

8 And regarding this matter I was wroth with Yoseph until the day that he was sold.

9 And the spirit of hatred was in me, and I wished not either to hear of Yoseph with the ears, or see him with the eyes, because he rebuked us to our faces saying that we were eating of the flock without Yahudah.”

Under the influence of the ‘spirit of hatred”; being rebuked, brings wrath and hate and also closes our eyes and ears to His Truth.  A wise man will accept being rebuked and learn from it.

10 “For whatsoever things he told our father, he believed him.

11 I confess now my sin, my children; that oftentimes I wished to kill him because I hated him from my heart.

12 Moreover, I hated him yet more for his dreams; and I wished to lick  him out of the land of the living, even as an ox licks up the grass of the field.

13 And Yahudah sold him secretly to the Yishma’elites.

14 Thus the Elohim of our fathers delivered him from our hands, that we should not work great lawlessness in Yisra’el.

15 And now, my children; hearken to the words of truth to work righteousness, and all the Torah of the Most High, and go not astray through the spirit of hatred, for it is evil in all the doings of men.

16 Whatsoever a man does the hater abominates him: and though a man works the Torah of YHWH, he praises him not; though a man fear the YHWH, and take pleasure in that which is righteous, he loves him not.

17 He dispraises the truth, he envies him that prospers, he welcomes evil-speaking, he loves arrogance, for hatred blinds his soul; as I also then looked on Yoseph.

18 Beware, therefore, my children of hatred, for it works lawlessness even against YHWH Himself.

19 For it will not hear the words of His commandments concerning the loving of one's neighbour, and it sins against Elohim.

20 For if a brother stumbles, it delights immediately to proclaim it to all men, and is urgent that he should be judged for it, and be punished and be put to death.

21 And if it be a servant it stirs him up against his master, and with every affliction it devises against him, if possibly he can be put to death.

22 For hatred works with envy also against them that prosper: so long as it hears of or sees their success it always languishes.

23 For as love would quicken even the dead, and would call back them that are condemned to die, so hatred would slay the living, and those that had sinned venially it would not suffer to live.

24 For the spirit of hatred works together with Satan, through hastiness of spirits, in all things to men's death; but the spirit of love works together with the Torah of Elohim in long-suffering to the salvation of men.

25 Hatred, therefore, is evil, for it constantly mates with lying, speaking against the truth; and it makes small things to be great, and causes the light to be darkness, and calls the sweet bitter, and teaches slander, and kindles wrath, and stirs up war, and violence and all covetousness; it fills the heart with evils and devilish poison.

26 These things, therefore, I say to you from experience, my children; that you may drive forth hatred, which is of the devil, and cleave to the love of Elohim.

27 Righteousness casts out hatred, humility destroys envy.

28 For he that is just and humble is ashamed to do what is unjust, being reproved not of another, but of his own heart, because YHWH looks on his inclination.

29 He speaks not against a set-apart man, because the fear of Elohim overcomes hatred.

30 For fearing lest he should offend YHWH, he will not do wrong to any man, even in thought.

31 These things I learned at last, after I had repented concerning Yoseph.

32 For true repentance after a righteous sort destroys ignorance, and drives away the darkness, and enlightens the eyes, and gives knowledge to the soul, and leads the mind to salvation.

33 And those things which it has not learned from man, it knows through repentance.

34 For Elohim brought upon me a disease of the liver; and had not the prayers of Ya’aqob my father consoled me, it had hardly failed but my spirit had departed.

35 For by what things a man transgresses by the same also is he punished .

36 Since, therefore, my liver was set mercilessly against Yoseph, in my liver too I suffered mercilessly, and was judged for eleven months, for so long a time as I had been angry against Yoseph.


Gad exhorts his listeners against hatred showing how it has brought him into so much trouble. Verses 8-11 are memorable.

And now, my children I exhort you, love you each one his brother, and put away hatred from your hearts, love one another in deed, and in word, and in the inclination of the soul.

2 For in the presence of my father I spoke peaceably to Yoseph; and when I had gone out, the spirit of hatred darkened my mind, and stirred up my soul to slay him.

3 Love you one another from the heart; and if a man sin against thee, speak peaceably to him, and in thy soul hold not guile; and if he repent and confess, forgive him.

4 But if he deny it, do not get into a passion with him, lest catching the poison from thee he take to swearing and so you sin doubly.

5 Let not another man hear thy secrets when engaged in legal strife, lest he come to hate thee and become thy enemy, and commit a great sin against thee; for often times he addresses thee guilefully or busies himself about thee with wicked intent.

6 And though he deny it and yet have a sense of shame when reproved, give over reproving him.

7 For he who denies may repent so as not again to wrong thee; yea, he may also honour thee, and fear and be at peace with thee.

8 And if he be shameless and persist in his wrong-doing, even so forgive him from the heart, and leave to Elohim the avenging.

9 If a man prospers more than you, do not be vexed, but pray also for him, that he may have perfect prosperity,

10 for so it is expedient for you.

11 And if he be further exalted, be not envious of him, remembering that all flesh shall die; and offer praise to Elohim, who gives things good and profitable to all men.

12 Seek out the judgments of YHWH, and thy mind will rest and be at peace.

13 And though a man become rich by evil means, even as Esau, the brother of my father, be not jealous; but wait for the end, in YHWH.

14 For if He takes away from a man wealth, gotten by evil means, He forgives him if he repent, but the unrepentant is reserved for eternal punishment.

15 For the poor man, if free from envy he pleases YHWH in all things, is blessed beyond all men, because he has not the travail of vain men.

16 Put away, therefore, jealousy from your souls, and love one another with uprightness of heart.

17 Do you also therefore tell these things to your children, that they honour Yahudah and Lewi, for from them shall YHWH raise up salvation to Yisra’el.

18 For I know that at the last your children shall depart from Him, and shall walk in O wickedness, and affliction and corruption before YHWH.

19 And when he had rested for a little while, he said again; My children, obey your father, and bury me near to my fathers.

20 And he drew up his feet, and fell asleep in peace.

21 And after five years they carried him up to Hebron, and laid him with his fathers.


The Tenth Son of Ya’aqob by Zilpah.


Asher, the tenth son of Ya’aqob, an explanation of dual personality. The first Jekyll and Hyde story. For a statement of the Law of Compensation that Emerson would have enjoyed, see Verse 27.

The copy of the Testament To Asher, what things he spoke to his sons in the hundred and twenty-fifth year of his life.

2 For while he was still in health, he said to them: Hearken, children of Asher, to your father, and I will declare to you all that is upright in the sight of YHWH.

3 Two ways has Elohim given to the sons of men, and two inclinations, and two kinds of action, and two modes of action, and two issues.

4 Therefore all things are by twos, one over against the other.

5 For there are two ways of good and evil, and with these are the two inclinations in our breasts discriminating them.

6 Therefore if the soul take pleasure in the good inclination, all its actions are in righteousness; and if it sin it straightway repents.

7 For, having its thoughts set upon righteousness, and casting away wickedness, it straightway overthrows the evil, and uproots the sin.

8 But if it incline to the evil inclination, all its actions are in wickedness, and it drives away the good, and cleaves to the evil, and is ruled by Belial; even though it works what is good, he perverts it to evil.

9 For whenever it begins to do good, he forces the issue of the action into evil for him, seeing that the treasure of the inclination is filled with an evil spirit.

10 A person then may with words help the good for the sake of the evil, yet the issue of the action leads to mischief.

11 There is a man who shows no compassion upon him who serves his turn in evil; and this thing has two aspects, but the whole is evil.

12 And there is a man that loves him that works evil, because he would prefer even to die in evil for his sake; and concerning this it is clear that it has two aspects, but the whole is an evil work.

13 Though indeed he have love, yet is he wicked who conceals what is evil for the sake of the good name, but the end of the action tends to evil.

14 Another steals and does unjustly, plunders, defrauds, and withal pities the poor: this too has a twofold aspect, but the whole is evil.

15 He who defrauds his neighbour provokes Elohim, and swears falsely against the Most High, and yet pities the poor: YHWH who commanded the Torah he sets at naught and provokes, and yet he refreshes the poor.

16 He defiles the soul, and makes glad the body; he kills many, and pities a few: this, too, has a twofold aspect, but the whole is evil.

17 Another commits adultery and fornication, and abstains from meats, and when he fasts he does evil, and by the power of his wealth overwhelms many; and notwithstanding his excessive wickedness he does the commandments: this, too, has a twofold aspect, but the whole is evil.

18 Such men are hares; clean, like those that divide the hoof, but in very deed are unclean.

19 For Elohim in the tables of the commandments has thus declared.

20 But do not you, my children, wear two faces like them, of goodness and of wickedness; but cleave to goodness only, for Elohim has his habitation therein, and men desire it.

21 But from wickedness flee away, destroying the evil inclination by your good works; for they that are double-faced serve not Elohim, but their own lusts, so that they may please Belial and men like to themselves.

22 For good men, even they that are of single face, though they be thought by them that are double-faced to sin, are just before Elohim.

23 For many in killing the wicked do two works, of good and evil; but the whole is good, because he has uprooted and destroyed that which is evil.

24 One man hates the merciful and unjust man, and the man who commits adultery and fasts: this, too, has a twofold aspect, but the whole work is good, because he follows YHWH's example, in that he accepts not the seeming good, as the genuine good.

25 Another desires not to see good day with them that not, lest be defile his body and pollute his soul; this, too, is double-faced, but the whole is good.

26 For such men are like to stags and to hinds, because in the manner of wild animals they seem to be unclean, but they are altogether clean; because they walk in zeal for YHWH and abstain from what Elohim also hates and forbids by His commandments, warding off the evil from the good.

27 You see, my children, how that there are two in all things, one against the other, and the one is hidden by the other: in wealth is hidden covetousness, in conviviality drunkenness, in laughter grief, in wedlock profligacy.

28 Death succeeds to life, dishonour to esteem, night to day, and darkness to light; and all things are under the day, just things under life, unjust things under death; wherefore also eternal life awaits death.

29 Nor may it be said that truth is a lie, nor right wrong; for all truth is under the light, even as all things are under Elohim.

30 All these things, therefore, I proved in my life, and I wandered not from the truth of YHWH, and I searched out the commandments of the Most High, walking according to all my strength with singleness of face to that which is good.

31 Take heed, therefore, you also, my children, to the commandments of YHWH, following the truth with singleness of face.

32 For they that are double-faced are guilty of a twofold sin; for they both do the evil thing and they have pleasure in them that do it, following the example of the spirits of deceit, and striving against mankind.

33 Do you, therefore, my children, keep the Torah of YHWH, and give not heed to evil as to good; but look to the thing that is really good, and keep it in all commandments of YHWH, having your conversation therein, and resting therein.

34 For the latter ends of men do show their righteousness or unrighteousness, when they meet the messengers of YHWH and of Satan.

35 for when the soul departs troubled, it is tormented by the evil spirit which also it served in lusts and evil works.

36 But if he is peaceful with joy he meets the messenger of peace, and he leads him into eternal Life.

37 Become not, my children, as Sodom, which sinned against the messengers of YHWH, and perished forever.

38 For I know that you shall sin, and be delivered into the hands of your enemies; and your land shall be made desolate, and your set-apart places destroyed, and you shall be scattered to the four corners of the earth.

39 And you shall be set at naught in the dispersion vanishing away as water.

40 Until the Most High shall visit the earth, coming Himself as man, with men eating and drinking, and breaking the head of the dragon in the water.

41 He shall save Yisra’el and all the righteous gentiles, Elohim speaking in the person of man.

42 Therefore do you also, my children, tell these things to your children, that they disobey Him not.

43 For I have known that you shall assuredly be disobedient, and assuredly act unrighteously, not giving heed to the Torah of Elohim, but to the commandments of men, being corrupted through wickedness.

44 And therefore shall you be scattered as Gad and Dan my brothers, and you shall know not your lands, tribe, and tongue.

45 But YHWH will gather you together in faith through His tender mercy, and for the sake of Abraham, Yitshaq, and Ya’aqob.

46 And when he had said these things to them, he commanded them, saying: Bury me in Hebron.

47 And he fell asleep and died at a good old age.

48 And his sons did as he had commanded them, and they carried him up to Hebron, and buried him with his fathers.




The Eleventh Son of Ya’aqob by Rahel.


Yoseph, the eleventh son of Ya’aqob, the beautiful and beloved. His struggle against the Mitsrite temptress.

The copy of the Testament of Yoseph.

2 When he was about to die he called his sons and his brethren together, and said to them:

3 “My brethren and my children, hearken to Yoseph the beloved of Yisra’el; give ear, my sons, to your father.

4 I have seen in my life envy and death, yet I went not astray, but persevered in the truth of YHWH.

5 These my brethren hated me, but YHWH loved me:

6 They wished to slay me, but the Elohim of my fathers guarded me:

7 They let me down into a pit, and the Most High brought me up again.

8 I was sold into slavery, and YHWH of all made me free:

9 I was taken into captivity, and His strong hand upheld me.

10 I was beset with hunger, and YHWH Himself nourished me.

11 I was alone, and Elohim comforted me:

12 I was sick, and YHWH visited me.

13 I was in prison, and my Elohim showed favour to me;

14 In bonds, and He released me;

15 Slandered, and He pleaded my cause;

16 Bitterly spoken against by the Mitsrites, and He delivered me;

17 Envied by my fellow slaves, and He exalted me.

18 And this chief captain of Pharaoh entrusted to me his house.

19 And I struggled against a shameless woman, urging me to transgress with her; but the Elohim of Yisra’el my father delivered me from the burning flame.

20 I was cast into prison, I was beaten, I was mocked; but YHWH granted me to find mercy, in the sight of the keeper of the prison.

21 For YHWH does not forsake them that fear Him, neither in darkness, nor in bonds, nor in tribulations, nor in necessities.

22 For Elohim is not put to shame as a man, nor as the son of man is He afraid, nor as one that is earth-born is He weak or frightened.

23 But in all those things does He give protection, and in diverse ways does He comfort, though for a little space He departs to try the inclination of the soul.

24 In ten temptations He showed me approved, and in all of them I endured; for endurance is a mighty charm, and patience gives many good things.

25 How often did the Mitsrite woman threaten me with death!

26 How often did she give me over to punishment, and then call me back and threaten me, and when I was unwilling to company with her, she said to me:

27 “Thou shall be master of me, and all that is in my house, if you wilt give thyself to me, and you shall be as our master.”

28 But I remembered the words of my father, and going into my chamber, I wept and prayed to YHWH.

29 And I fasted in those seven years, and I appeared to the Mitsrites as one living delicately, for they that fast for Elohim's sake receive beauty of face.

30 And if my master were away from home, I drank no wine; nor for three days did I take my food, but I gave it to the poor and sick.

31 And I sought YHWH early, and I wept for the Mitsrite woman of Memphis, for very unceasingly did she trouble me, for also at night she came to me under pretense of visiting me.

32 And because she had no male child she pretended to regard me as a son.

33 And for a time she embraced me as a son, and I knew it not; but later, she sought to draw me into fornication.

34 And when I perceived it I sorrowed to death; and when she had gone out, I came to myself, and lamented for her many days, because I recognized her guile and her deceit.

35 And I declared to her the words of the Most High, if haply she would turn from her evil lust.

36 Often, therefore, did she flatter me with words as a set-apart man, and guilefully in her talk praise my chastity before her husband, while desiring to ensnare me when we were alone.

37 For she lauded me openly as chaste, and in secret she said to me: “Fear not my husband; for he is persuaded concerning thy chastity: for even should one tell him concerning us, he would not believe.”

38 Owing to all these things I lay upon the ground, and besought Elohim that YHWH would deliver me from her deceit.

39 And when she had prevailed nothing thereby, she came again to me under the plea of instruction, that she might learn the word of Elohim.

40 And she said to me: “If you will that I should leave my idols, lie with me, and I will persuade my husband to depart from his idols, and we will walk in the Torah by thy Elohim.”

41 And I said to her: “YHWH wills not that those who reverence Him should be in uncleanness, nor does He take pleasure in them that commit adultery, but in those that approach Him with a pure heart and undefiled lips.”

42 But she heeded her peace, longing to accomplish her evil desire.

43 And I gave myself yet more to fasting and prayer that YHWH might deliver me from her.

44 And again, at another time she said to me: “If you will not commit adultery, I will kill my husband by poison; and take thee to be my husband.”

45 I therefore, when I heard this, rent my garments, and said to her:

46 “Woman, reverence Elohim, and do not this evil deed, lest you be destroyed; for know indeed that I will declare this thy device to all men.”

47 She therefore, being afraid, besought that I would not declare this device.

48 And she departed soothing me with gifts, and sending to me every delight of the sons of men.

49 And afterwards she sent me food mingled with enchantments.

50 And when the eunuch who brought it came, I looked up and beheld a terrible man giving me with the dish a sword, and I perceived that her scheme was to beguile me.

51 And when he had gone out I wept and I did not taste that or any other of her food.

52 So then after one day she came to me and observed the food, and said to me: “Why is it that you have not eaten of the food?”

53 And I said to her: “It is because you have filled it with deadly enchantments; and how said you: ‘I come not near to idols but to YHWH alone.’

54 Now therefore know that the Elohim of my father has revealed to me by His messenger thy wickedness, and I have kept it to convict thee, if haply you may see and repent.

55 But that you may learn that the wickedness of the unrighteous has no power over them that worship Elohim with chastity, behold I will take of it and eat before thee.”

56 And having so said, I prayed thus: “The Elohim of my fathers and the messenger of Abraham, be with me”; and I ate.

57, And when she saw this she fell upon her face at my feet, weeping; and I raised her up and admonished her.

58 And she promised to do this iniquity no more.

59 But her heart was still set upon evil, and she looked around how to ensnare me, and sighing deeply she became downcast, though she was not sick.

60 And when her husband saw her, he said to her: “Why is thy countenance fallen?”

61 And she said to him: “I have a pain at my heart, and the groaning’s of my spirit oppress me”; and so he comforted her who was not sick.

62 Then, accordingly seizing an opportunity, she rushed to me while her husband was yet without, and said to me: “I will hang myself, or cast myself over a cliff, if you will not lie with me.”

63 And when I saw the spirit of Belial was troubling her, I prayed to YHWH, and said to her:

64 “Why, wretched woman, art you troubled and disturbed, blinded through sins?

65 Remember that if you kill thyself, Asteho, the concubine of thy husband, thy rival, will beat thy children, and you wilt destroy thy memorial from off the earth.”

66 And she said to me: “Lo, then you loves me; let this suffice me: only strive for my life and my children, and I expect that I shall enjoy my desire also.”

67 But she knew not that because of my Elohim I spoke thus, and not because of her.

68 For if a man has fallen before the passion of a wicked desire and become enslaved by it, even as she, whatever good thing he may hear with regard to that passion, he receives it with a view to his wicked desire.

69 I declare, therefore, to you, my children, that it was about the sixth hour when she departed from me; and I knelt before YHWH all day, and all the night; and about dawn I rose up, weeping the while and praying for a release from her.

70 At last, then, she laid hold of my garments, forcibly dragging me to have relations with her.

71 When, therefore, I saw that in her madness she was holding fast to my garment, I left it behind, and fled away naked.

72 And holding fast to the garment she falsely accused me, and when her husband came he cast me into prison in his house; and on the morrow he scourged me and sent me into Pharaoh's prison.

73 And when I was in bonds, the Mitsrite woman was oppressed with grief, and she came and heard how I gave thanks to YHWH and sang praises in the abode of darkness, and with glad voice rejoiced, esteeming my Elohim that I was delivered from the lustful desire of the Mitsrite woman.

74 And often has she sent to me saying: “Consent to fulfil my desire, and I will release thee from thy bonds, and I will free thee from the darkness.”

75 And not even in thought did I incline to her.

76 For Elohim loves him who in a den of wickedness combines fasting with chastity, rather than the man who in sovereigns' chambers combines luxury with license.

77 And if a man lives in chastity, and desires also esteem, and the Most High knows that it is expedient for him, He bestows this also upon me.

78 How often, though she was sick, did she come down to me, and listened to my voice as I prayed!

79 And when I heard her groaning’s I held my peace.

80 For when I was in her house she was wont to bare her arms, and breasts, and legs, that I might lie with her; for she was very beautiful, splendidly adorned in order to beguile me.

81 And YHWH guarded me from her devices.


You see, therefore, my children, how great things patience works, and prayer with fasting.

2 So you too, if you follow after chastity and purity with patience and prayer, with fasting in humility of heart, the YHWH will dwell among you because He loves chastity.

3 And wherever the Most High dwells, even though envy, or slavery, or slander befalls a man, the YHWH who dwells in him, for the sake of his chastity not only delivers him from evil, but also exalts him even as me.

4 For in every way the man is lifted up, whether in deed, or in word, or in thought.

5 My brethren knew how my father loved me, and yet I did not exalt myself in my mind: although I was a child, I had the fear of Elohim in my heart; for I knew that all things would pass away.

6 And I did not raise myself against them with evil intent, but I honored my brethren; and out of respect for them, even when I was being sold, I refrained from telling the Yishma’elites that I was a son of Ya’aqob, a great man and a mighty man.

7 Do you also, my children, have the fear of Elohim in all your works before your eyes, and honour your brethren.

8 For everyone who does the Torah of YHWH shall be loved by Him.

9 And when I came to the Indocolpitae (??) with the Yishma’elites, they asked me, saying:

10 Art you a slave? And I said that I was a home-born slave, that I might not put my brethren to shame.

11 And the eldest of them said to me: Thou art not a slave, for even thy appearance does make it manifest.

12 But I said that I was their slave.

13 Now when we came into Mitsrayim they strove concerning me, which of them should buy me and take me.

14 Therefore it seemed good to all that I should remain in Mitsrayim with the merchant of their trade, until they should return bringing merchandise.

15 And YHWH gave me favour in the eyes of the merchant, and he entrusted to me his house.

16 And Elohim blessed him by my means, and increased him in gold and silver and in household servants.

17 And I was with him three months and five days.

18 And about that time the Memphian woman, the wife of Potiphar came down in a chariot, with great pomp, because she had heard from her eunuchs concerning me.

19 And she told her husband that the merchant had become rich by means of a young Hebrew, and they say that he had assuredly been stolen out of the land of Kena’an.

20 Now, therefore, render justice to him, and take away the youth to thy house; so shall the Elohim of the Hebrews bless thee, for favour from heaven is upon him.

21 And Potiphar was persuaded by her words, and commanded the merchant to be brought, and said to him:

22 What is this that I hear concerning thee, that you steals persons out of the land of Kena’an, and sells them for slaves?

23 But the merchant fell at his feet, and besought him, saying: I beseech thee, my master, I know not what you says.

24 And Potiphar said to him: Whence, then, is the Hebrew slave?

25 And he said: The Yishma’elites entrusted him to me until they should return.

26 But he believed him not, but commanded him to be stripped and beaten.

27 And when he persisted in this statement, Potiphar said: Let the youth be brought.

28 And when I was brought in, I did obeisance to Potiphar for he was third in rank of the officers of Pharaoh.

29 And he took me apart from him, and said to me: Art you a slave or free?

30 And I said: A slave.

31 And he said: Whose?

32 And I said: The Yishma’elites'.

33 And he said: How didst you become their slave?

34 And I said: They bought me out of the land of Kena’an.

35 And he said to me: Truly you lies; and straightway he commanded me to be stripped and beaten.

36 Now, the Memphian woman was looking through a window at me while I was being beaten, for her house was near, and she sent to him saying:

37 Thy judgment is unjust; for you does punish a free man who has been stolen, as though he were a transgressor.

38 And when I made no change in my statement, though I was beaten, he ordered me to be imprisoned, until, he said, the owners of the boy should come.

39 And the woman said to her husband: Wherefore does you detain the captive and wellborn lad in bonds, who ought rather to be set at liberty, and be waited upon?

40 For she wished to see me out of a desire of sin, but I was ignorant concerning all these things.

41 And he said to her: It is not the custom of the Mitsrites to take that which belongs to others before proof is given.

42 This, therefore, he said concerning the merchant; but as for the lad, he must be imprisoned.

43 Now after four and twenty days came the Yishma’elites; for they had heard that Ya’aqob my father was mourning much concerning me.

44 And they came and said to me: How is it that you said that you were a slave? and lo, we have learned that you are the son of a mighty man in the land of Kena’an, and thy father still mourns for thee in sackcloth and ashes.

45 When I heard this my innards were dissolved and my heart melted, and I desired greatly to weep, but I restrained myself that I should not put my brethren to shame.

46 And I said to them, I know naught, I am a slave.

47 Then, therefore, they took counsel to sell me that I should not be found in their hands.

48 For they feared my father, lest he should come and execute upon them a grievous vengeance.

49 For they had heard that he was mighty with Elohim and with men.

50 Then said the merchant to them: Release me from the judgment of Potiphar.

51 And they came and requested me, saying: Say that you were bought by us with money, and he will set us free.

52 Now the Memphian woman said to her husband: Buy the youth; for I hear, said she, that they are selling him.

53 And straightway she sent a eunuch to the Yishma’elites, and asked them to sell me.

54 But since the eunuch would not agree to buy me at their price he returned, having made trial of them, and he made known to his mistress that they asked a large price for their slave.

55 And she sent another eunuch, saying: Even though they demand two minas, give them, do not spare the gold; only buy the boy, and bring him to me.

56 The eunuch therefore went and gave them eighty pieces of gold, and he received me; but to the Mitsrite woman he said I have given a hundred.

57 And though I knew this I held my peace, lest the eunuch should be put to shame.

58 You see, therefore, my children, what great things I endured that I should not put my brethren to shame.

59 Do you also, therefore, love one another, and with long-suffering hide you one another's faults.

60 For Elohim delights in the unity of brethren, and in the purpose of a heart that takes pleasure in love.

61 And when my brethren came into Mitsrayim they learned that I had returned their money to them, and upbraided them not, and comforted them.

62 And after the death of Ya’aqob my father I loved them more abundantly, and all things whatsoever he commanded I did very abundantly for them.

63 And I suffered them not to be afflicted in the smallest matter; and all that was in my hand I gave to them.

64 And their children were my children, and my children as their servants; and their life was my life, and all their suffering was my suffering, and all their sickness was my infirmity.

65 My land was their land, and their counsel my counsel.

66 And I exalted not myself among them in arrogance because of my worldly esteem, but I was among them as one of the least.

67 If you also, therefore, walk in the commandments of YHWH, my children, He will exalt you there, and will bless you with good things forever and ever.

68 And if any one seeks to do evil to you, do well to him, and pray for him, and you shall be redeemed of YHWH from all evil.

69 For, behold, you see that out of my humility and longsuffering I took to wife the daughter of the priest of Heliopolis.

70 And a hundred talents of gold were given me with her, and YHWH made them to serve me.

71 And He gave me also beauty as a flower beyond the beautiful ones of Yisra’el; and He preserved me to old age in strength and in beauty, because I was like in all things to Ya’aqob.

72 And hear you, my children, also the vision which I saw.

73 There were twelve harts[1] feeding: and the nine were first dispersed over all the earth, and likewise also the three.

74 And I saw that from Yahudah was born a virgin wearing a linen garment, and from her, was born a lamb, without spot; and on his left hand there was as it were a lion; and all the beasts rushed against him, and the lamb overcame them, and destroyed them and trod them under foot.

75 And because of him the messengers and men rejoiced, and all the land.

76 And these things shall come to pass in their season, in the last days.

77 Do you therefore, my children, observe the commandments of YHWH, and honour Lewi and Yahudah; for from them shall arise to you the Lamb of Elohim, who takes away the sin of the world, one who saves the gentiles and Yisra’el.

78 For His reign is an everlasting reign, which shall not pass away; but my reign among you shall come to an end as a watcher's hammock, which after the summer disappears.

79 For I know that after my death the Mitsrites will afflict you, but Elohim will avenge you, and will bring you into that which He promised to your fathers.

80 But you shall carry up my bones with you; for when my bones are being taken up with you, YHWH shall be with you in light, and Belial shall be in darkness with the Mitsrites.

81 And carry you up Asenath your mother to the Hippodrome, and near Rahel your mother bury her.

82 And when he had said these things he stretched out his feet, and died at a good old age.

83 And all Yisra’el mourned for him, and all Mitsrayim, with a great mourning.

84 And when the children of Yisra’el went out of Mitsrayim, they took with them the bones of Yoseph, and they buried him in Hebron with his fathers, and the years of his life were one hundred and ten years.



The Twelfth Son of Ya’aqob by Rahel.


Benjamin, the twelfth son of Ya’aqob, the baby of the family, turns philosopher and philanthropist.

The copy of the words of Benjamin, which he commanded his sons to observe, after he had lived a hundred and twenty-five years.

2 And he kissed them, and said: As Yitshaq was born to Abraham in his old age, so also was I to Ya’aqob.

3 And since Rahel my mother died in giving me birth, I had no milk; therefore I was nursed by Bilhah her handmaid.

4 For Rahel remained barren for twelve years after she had borne Yoseph; and she prayed to YHWH with fasting twelve days, and she conceived and bare Me.

5 For my father loved Rahel dearly, and prayed that he might see two sons born from her.

6 Therefore was I called Benjamin, that is, a son of days.

7 And when I went into Mitsrayim, to Yoseph, and my brother recognized me, he said to me: What did they tell my father when they sold me?

8 And I said to him, They dabbled thy coat with blood and sent it, and said: Know whether this be thy son's coat.

9 And he said to me: Even so, brother, when they had stripped me of my coat they gave me to the Yishma’elites, and they gave me a loin cloth, and scourged me, and bade me run.

10 And as for one of them that had beaten me with a rod, a lion met him and slew him.

11 And so his associates were frightened.

12 Do you also, therefore, my children, love YHWH the Elohim of heaven and earth, and keep His commandments, following the example of the good and set-apart man Yoseph.

13 And let your mind be to good, even as you know me; for he that has his mind right sees all things rightly.

14 Fear YHWH, and love your neighbour; and even though the spirits of Belial claim you to afflict you with every evil, yet shall they not have dominion over you, even as they had not over Yoseph my brother.,

15 How many men wished to slay him, and Elohim shielded him!

16 For he that fears Elohim and loves his neighbour cannot be smitten by the spirit of Belial, being shielded by the fear of Elohim.

17 Nor can he be ruled over by the device of men or beasts, for he is helped by YHWH through the love which he has towards his neighbour.

18 For Yoseph also besought our father that he would pray for his brethren, that YHWH would not impute to them as sin whatever evil they had done to him.

19 And thus Ya’aqob cried out: My good child, you have prevailed over the innards of thy father Ya’aqob.

20 And he embraced him, and kissed him for two hours, saying:

21 In thee shall be fulfilled the prophecy of heaven concerning the Lamb of Elohim, and Saviour of the world, and that a blameless one shall be delivered up for lawless men, and a sinless one shall die for unrighteous men in the blood of the covenant, for the salvation of the gentiles and of Yisra’el, and shall destroy Belial and his servants.

22 See you, therefore, my children, the end of the good man?

23 Be followers of his compassion, therefore, with a good mind, that you also may wear crowns of esteem.

24 For the good man has not a dark eye; for he shows mercy to all men, even though they be sinners.

25 And though they devise with evil intent. concerning him, by doing good he overcomes evil, being shielded by Elohim; and he loves the righteous as his own soul.

26 If anyone is esteemed, he envies him not; if anyone is enriched, he is not jealous; if anyone is valiant, he praises him; the virtuous man he extols; on the poor man he has mercy; on the weak he has compassion; to Elohim he sings praises.

27 And him that has the favour of a good spirit he loves as his own soul.

28 If therefore, you also have a good mind, then will both wicked men be at peace with you, and the wicked will reverence you and turn to good; and the covetous will not only cease from their inordinate desire, but even give the objects of their covetousness to them that are afflicted.

29 If you do well, even the unclean spirits will flee from you; and the beasts will dread you.

30 For where there is reverence for good works and light in the mind, even darkness flees away from him.

31 For if any one does violence to a set-apart man, he repents; for the set-apart man is merciful to his reviler, and holds his peace.

32 And if any one betrays a righteous man, the righteous man prays: though for a little he be humbled, yet not long after he appears far more esteemed, as was Yoseph my brother.

33 The inclination of the good man is not in the power of the deceit of the spirit of Belial, for the messenger of peace guides his soul.

34 And he gazes not passionately upon corruptible things, nor gathers together riches through a desire of pleasure.

35 He delights not in pleasure, he grieves not his neighbour, he satisfied not himself with luxuries, he erred not in the uplifting of the eyes, for YHWH is his portion.

36 The good inclination receives not esteem nor dishonour from men, and it knows not any guile, or lie, or fighting or reviling; for YHWH dwells in him and lights up his soul, and he rejoices towards all men always.

37 The good mind has not two tongues, of blessing and of cursing, of honour, of sorrow and of joy, of quietness and of confusion, of hypocrisy and of truth, of poverty and of wealth; but it has one disposition, uncorrupt and pure, concerning all men.

38 It has no double sight, nor double hearing; for in everything which he does, or speaks, or sees, he knows that YHWH looks upon his soul.

39 And he cleanses his mind that he may not be condemned by men as well as by Elohim.

40 And in like manner the works of Belial are twofold, and there is no singleness in them.

41 Therefore, my children, I tell you, flee the malice of Belial; for he gives a sword to them that obey him.

42 And the sword is the mother of seven evils. First the mind conceives through Belial, and first there is bloodshed; secondly ruin; thirdly, tribulation; fourthly, exile; fifthly, dearth; sixthly, panic; seventhly, destruction.

43 'Therefore was Cain also delivered over to seven vengeances by Elohim, for in every hundred years YHWH brought one plague upon him.

44 And when he was two hundred years old he began to suffer, and in the nine-hundredth year he was destroyed.

45 For on account of Abel, his brother, with all the evils was he judged, but Lamech with seventy times seven.

46 Because forever those, who are like Cain in envy and hatred of brethren, shall be punished with the same judgment.


Verse 3 contains a striking example of the homeliness--yet vividness of the figures of speech of these ancient patriarchs.

And do you, my children, flee evil-doing, envy, and hatred of brethren, and cleave to goodness and love.

2 He that has a pure mind in love, looks not after a woman with a view to fornication; for he has no defilement in his heart, because the Ruach of Elohim rests upon him.

3 For as the sun is not defiled by shining on dung and mire, but rather dries up both and drives away the evil smell; so also the pure mind, though encompassed by the defilements of earth, rather cleanses them and is not itself defiled.

4 And I believe that there will be also evil-doings among you, from the words of Enoch the righteous: that you shall commit fornication with the fornication of Sodom, and shall perish, all save a few, and shall renew wanton deeds with women; and the reign of YHWH shall not be among you, for straightway He shall take it away.

5 Nevertheless the Heykal of Elohim shall be in your portion, and the last Heykal shall be more esteemed than the first.

6 And the twelve tribes shall be gathered together there, and all the gentiles, until the Most High shall send forth His salvation in the visitation of an only-begotten prophet.

7 And He shall enter into the first Heykal, and there shall YHWH be, treated with outrage, and He shall be lifted up upon a tree.

8 And the veil of the Heykal shall be rent, and the Ruach of Elohim shall pass on to the gentiles as fire poured forth.

The end of the Covenant when YHWH tore the veil from top to bottom, when they murdered the Author of Life.

9 And He shall ascend from Hades and shall pass from earth into heaven.

10 And I know how lowly He shall be upon earth, and how esteemed in heaven.

11 Now when Yoseph was in Mitsrayim, I longed to see his figure and the form of his countenance; and through the prayers of Ya’aqob my father I saw him, while awake in the daytime, even his entire figure exactly as he was.

12 And when he had said these things, he said to them: Know you, therefore, my children, that I am dying.

13 Do you, therefore, truth; each one to his neighbour, and keep the Torah of YHWH and His commandments.

14 For these things do I leave you instead of inheritance.

15 Do you also, therefore, give them to your children for an everlasting possession; for so did Abraham, and Yitshaq, and Ya’aqob.

16 For all these things they gave us for an inheritance, saying: Keep the commandments of Elohim, until YHWH shall reveal His salvation to the gentiles.

17 And then shall you see Enoch, Noah, and Shem, and Abraham, and Yitshaq, and Ya’aqob, rising on the right hand in gladness,

18 Then shall we also rise, each one over our tribe, worshipping the Sovereign of heaven, who appeared upon earth in the form of a man in humility.

 This is PROOF that Yahusha Messiah is YHWH in the Flesh.  YHWH is the Sovereign of Heaven

19 And as many as believe on Him on the earth shall rejoice with Him.

20 Then also all men shall rise, some to esteem and some to shame.

21 And YHWH shall judge Yisra’el first, for their unrighteousness; for when He appeared as Elohim in the flesh to deliver them they believed Him not.

And many of the Messianic Jewish groups of today are denying that Yahusha is YHWH

22 And then shall He judge all the gentiles, as many as believed Him not when He appeared upon earth.

23 And He shall convict Yisra’el through the chosen ones of the gentiles, even as He reproved Esau through the Midianites, who deceived their brethren, so that they fell into fornication, and idolatry; and they were alienated from Elohim, becoming therefore children in the portion of them that fear YHWH.

24 If you therefore, my children, walk in set-apartness according to the commandments of YHWH, you shall again dwell securely with me, and all Yisra’el shall be gathered to YHWH.

25 And I shall no longer be called a ravening wolf on account of your ravages, but a servant of YHWH distributing food to them that work what is good.

26 And there shall arise in the latter days one beloved of YHWH, of the tribe of Yahudah and Lewi, a doer of His good pleasure in his mouth, with new knowledge enlightening the gentiles.

27 Until the consummation of the age shall he be in the synagogues of the gentiles, and among their rulers, as a strain of music in the mouth of all.

28 And he shall be inscribed in the set-apart books, both his work and his word, and he shall be a chosen one of Elohim forever.

29 And through them he shall go to and fro as Ya’aqob my father, saying: He shall fill up that which lacks of thy tribe.

30 And when he had said these things he stretched out his feet.

31 And died in a beautiful and good sleep.

32 And his sons did as he had enjoined them, and they took up his body and buried it in Hebron with his fathers.

33 And the number of the days of his life was a hundred and twenty-five years.



[1] I really have no idea what this word 'harts' is supposed to be, sorry

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